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pcapファイルをIPfixに変換、ELKで可視化

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概要

  • YAFの入力に名前付きパイプを指定、名前付きパイプにはpcapファイル名一覧を渡す
  • YAFからsuper_mediatorにDPIありでIPfix形式でsuper_mediatorに渡す
  • super_mediatorの出力にJSONのファイルを指定
  • JSONファイルをlogstashに渡す
  • elasticsearh経由でKibanaで可視化

super_mediatorの改造

super_mediator-1.3.0 が出力するJSONファイルのISO8601形式の時刻をELK側で正しく扱える様に下記の改造を行った。
改造しなくてもlogstashのフィルタで対応できると思う。

super_mediatorを改造せずにlogstashのフィルタで@timestampの値をflows.flowStartMillisecondsにする
(2018/02/04追記)
https://qiita.com/t_umeno/items/5ae7f57f2388b49d5ecd

diff -urN super_mediator-1.3.0.orig/include/mediator/mediator_ctx.h super_mediator-1.3.0/include/mediator/mediator_ctx.h
--- super_mediator-1.3.0.orig/include/mediator/mediator_ctx.h   2016-01-06 04:31:41.000000000 +0900
+++ super_mediator-1.3.0/include/mediator/mediator_ctx.h    2016-09-25 19:32:06.593349847 +0900
@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@
 #define MAX_LIST 10
 /* 30 sec */
 #define MD_RESTART_MS 30000
-#define PRINT_TIME_FMT "%04u-%02u-%02u %02u:%02u:%02u"
+#define PRINT_TIME_FMT "%04u-%02u-%02uT%02u:%02u:%02u"
 #define MD_MSGLEN_STD 65535

 typedef enum mdTransportType_en {
diff -urN super_mediator-1.3.0.orig/src/mediator_export.c super_mediator-1.3.0/src/mediator_export.c
--- super_mediator-1.3.0.orig/src/mediator_export.c 2016-03-08 23:03:46.000000000 +0900
+++ super_mediator-1.3.0/src/mediator_export.c  2016-09-25 19:36:19.858386172 +0900
@@ -7228,7 +7228,7 @@
             md_util_time_buf_append(exporter->buf, &brem, start_secs,
                                     PRINT_TIME_FMT);

-            ret = snprintf(exporter->buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\"}}\n", start_rem);
+            ret = snprintf(exporter->buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\"}}\n", start_rem);
             MD_CHECK_RET(exporter->buf, ret, brem);
         } else {
             char *bufstart = exporter->buf->cp;
@@ -7270,7 +7270,7 @@
                 return FALSE;
             }

-            ret = snprintf(exporter->buf->cp, brem, ".%03u%c",
+            ret = snprintf(exporter->buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ%c",
                            start_rem, exporter->delimiter);
             MD_CHECK_RET(exporter->buf, ret, brem);
             afterlen = exporter->buf->cp - bufstart;
diff -urN super_mediator-1.3.0.orig/src/mediator_json.c super_mediator-1.3.0/src/mediator_json.c
--- super_mediator-1.3.0.orig/src/mediator_json.c   2016-03-09 00:38:27.000000000 +0900
+++ super_mediator-1.3.0/src/mediator_json.c    2016-09-25 19:36:06.030766449 +0900
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@
         return 0;
     }

-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\",", start_rem);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\",", start_rem);

     MD_CHECK_RET0(buf, ret, brem);

@@ -578,7 +578,7 @@
         return 0;
     }

-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\",", start_rem);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\",", start_rem);

     MD_CHECK_RET0(buf, ret, brem);

@@ -590,7 +590,7 @@
             return 0;
         }

-        ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\",", end_rem);
+        ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\",", end_rem);
         MD_CHECK_RET0(buf, ret, brem);
     }

@@ -779,14 +779,14 @@
     if (!md_util_time_buf_append(buf, &brem, start_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT)) {
         return 0;
     }
-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\",\"lastSeen\":\"", start_rem);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\",\"lastSeen\":\"", start_rem);
     MD_CHECK_RET0(buf, ret, brem);

     if (!md_util_time_buf_append(buf, &brem, end_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT)) {
         return 0;
     }

-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem,  ".%03u\",\"sslCertSerialNumber\":\"",
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem,  ".%03uZ\",\"sslCertSerialNumber\":\"",
                    end_rem);
     MD_CHECK_RET0(buf, ret, brem);

@@ -843,7 +843,7 @@
     if (!md_util_time_buf_append(buf, &brem, start_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT)) {
         return 0;
     }
-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\",\"lastSeen\":\"", start_rem);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\",\"lastSeen\":\"", start_rem);
     MD_CHECK_RET0(buf, ret, brem);

     if (!md_util_time_buf_append(buf, &brem, end_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT)) {
@@ -852,12 +852,12 @@

     if (rec->sip != rec->hash) {
         if (rec->sip == 0) {
-            ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\",\"sourceIPv6Address\":\"",
+            ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\",\"sourceIPv6Address\":\"",
                            end_rem);
             MD_CHECK_RET0(buf, ret, brem);
             md_util_print_ip6_addr(sabuf, rec->sip6);
         } else {
-            ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\",\"sourceIPv4Address\":\"",
+            ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\",\"sourceIPv4Address\":\"",
                            end_rem);
             MD_CHECK_RET0(buf, ret, brem);
             md_util_print_ip4_addr(sabuf, rec->sip);
@@ -867,7 +867,7 @@
                        sabuf, rec->hash, rec->count);
     } else {
         /* deduped on hash, not IP so don't print IP */
-        ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u\",\"yafFlowKeyHash\":%u,"
+        ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ\",\"yafFlowKeyHash\":%u,"
                        "\"observedDataTotalCount\":%"PRIu64",",
                        end_rem, rec->hash, rec->count);
     }
diff -urN super_mediator-1.3.0.orig/src/mediator_print.c super_mediator-1.3.0/src/mediator_print.c
--- super_mediator-1.3.0.orig/src/mediator_print.c  2016-03-08 05:41:41.000000000 +0900
+++ super_mediator-1.3.0/src/mediator_print.c   2016-09-25 19:37:18.868763206 +0900
@@ -270,7 +270,7 @@

     md_util_time_g_string_append(tmp, start_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT);

-    g_string_append_printf(tmp, ".%03u", start_rem);
+    g_string_append_printf(tmp, ".%03uZ", start_rem);

     ret = snprintf(buf->cp, *bufsize, decorator, tmp->str);

@@ -296,7 +296,7 @@
     int             ret;

     md_util_time_g_string_append(tmp, end_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT);
-    g_string_append_printf(tmp, ".%03u", end_rem);
+    g_string_append_printf(tmp, ".%03uZ", end_rem);

     ret = snprintf(buf->cp, *bufsize, decorator, tmp->str);

@@ -2098,11 +2098,11 @@

     md_util_time_g_string_append(str, start_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT);

-    g_string_append_printf(str, ".%03u", start_rem);
+    g_string_append_printf(str, ".%03uZ", start_rem);
     g_string_append_printf(str, "%c", delimiter);
     md_util_time_g_string_append(str, end_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT);

-    g_string_append_printf(str, ".%03u", end_rem);
+    g_string_append_printf(str, ".%03uZ", end_rem);

     g_string_append_printf(str, "%c%8.3f", delimiter,
                            (flow->flowEndMilliseconds -
@@ -2411,7 +2411,7 @@
     if (!md_util_time_buf_append(buf, &brem, start_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT)) {
         return 0;
     }
-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u%c", start_rem, delimiter);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ%c", start_rem, delimiter);
     MD_WR_BDC0(ret, brem);
     buf->cp += ret;

@@ -2419,7 +2419,7 @@
         if (!md_util_time_buf_append(buf, &brem, end_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT)) {
             return 0;
         }
-        ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u%c", end_rem, delimiter);
+        ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ%c", end_rem, delimiter);
         MD_WR_BDC0(ret, brem);
         buf->cp += ret;
     }
@@ -2537,7 +2537,7 @@
         return 0;
     }

-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem,".%03u%c%u%c%u%c", start_rem, delimiter,
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem,".%03uZ%c%u%c%u%c", start_rem, delimiter,
                    record->hash, delimiter, record->obid, delimiter);

     MD_WR_BDC0(ret, brem);
@@ -2820,7 +2820,7 @@
         return 0;
     }

-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u%c", start_rem, delimiter);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ%c", start_rem, delimiter);
     MD_WR_BDC0(ret, brem);
     buf->cp += ret;

@@ -2828,7 +2828,7 @@
         return 0;
     }

-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u%c", end_rem, delimiter);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ%c", end_rem, delimiter);
     MD_WR_BDC0(ret, brem);
     buf->cp += ret;

@@ -2935,14 +2935,14 @@
     if (!md_util_time_buf_append(buf, &brem, start_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT)) {
         return 0;
     }
-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u%c", start_rem, delimiter);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ%c", start_rem, delimiter);
     MD_WR_BDC0(ret, brem);
     buf->cp += ret;

     if (!md_util_time_buf_append(buf, &brem, end_secs, PRINT_TIME_FMT)) {
         return 0;
     }
-    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03u%c", end_rem, delimiter);
+    ret = snprintf(buf->cp, brem, ".%03uZ%c", end_rem, delimiter);
     MD_WR_BDC0(ret, brem);
     buf->cp += ret;

メリット

  • 一度ファイルにするのでlogstashに何度でもデータを渡せる
  • logstashやfluentdのnetflowやipfixのプラグインを使った時にはUDPパケット紛失や通信バッファあふれのためフローデータを紛失することがあるが、ファイルに一旦変換するのでフローデータの紛失が抑えられる。

デメリット

  • JSONファイルを置くディスクが圧迫される

参考

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