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Kubernetes のパッケージマネジャー helm の導入と使い方

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概要

Deis が開発した Kubernetes のパッケージマネージメントツール Helm を使ってみる

helm の特徴は以下の通り

  • kubernetes のマニフェストファイル群(RC, Service, Pod)をパッケージ化したもの chart と呼んでいる
  • パッケージをカスタマイズして kubernetes 上にアプリを構築できる
  • ReplicationController, Service を一括でデプロイしてくれる

helm インストール

以下コマンドで helm バイナリ ができるので、適当に PATH を通す

$ curl -s https://get.helm.sh | bash

初期設定

以下コマンド実行で $HOME/.helm にレポジトリ設定や charts (マニフェスト)が保存される

$ helm update

デフォルトで登録されるレポジトリは以下
https://github.com/helm/charts

ディレクトリの中身

/home/*****/.helm/
|
|--config.yaml             #レポジトリ設定
|
|--cache
|
|--charts                  #helm update で取得した kubernetes マニフェスト
|    |--alpine
|         |--Chart.yaml    
|         |--manifests
|               |--alpine-pod.yaml
|         
|    |--cassandra
|         |--Chart.yaml
|         |--manifests
...snip...
|
|--- workspace             #作業用ディレクトリ(helm fetch でコピーされる)

charts 一覧取得

$ helm search

2016/01/15時点のリスト

alpine - Simple pod running Alpine Linux.
cassandra - The Apache Cassandra Project.
docker-registry - The Docker toolset to pack, ship, store, and deliver content.
elasticsearch - Elasticsearch Restful Search Engine
example-nginx - An example nginx + git-sync application
example-todo - Example Todo application backed by Redis
jenkins - The leading open-source continuous integration server.
memcached - A simple Memcached cluster
mysql - Chart running MySQL.
nginx - Nginx http service
nginx-alpine - Nginx http service
owncloud - a self-hosted file sync and share server.
postgresql - The world's most advanced open source database.
proxy-2-service - Proxy a pod port or host port to a kubernetes Service
rabbitmq - Chart running RabbitMQ.
redis-cluster - Highly available Redis cluster with multiple sentinels and standbys.
redis-standalone - Standalone Redis Master
redmine - A flexible project management web application.
riak - A distributed NoSQL database.
selenium - Selenium is a suite of tools to automate web browsers across many platforms.
ubuntu-debootstrap - Simple pod running minimal Ubuntu

kubernetes にデプロイ

リストにあった redmine を構築してみる

事前に kubectl を使えるようにしておく必要がある

$ helm install redmine
---> Running `kubectl create -f` ...
service "redmine" created

replicationcontroller "redmine" created

---> Done
========================================
# Redmine

Redmine is a flexible project management web application written using Ruby on Rails framework.
========================================

確認

$ kubectl get pod
NAME            READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
redmine-zdetd   1/1       Running   0          1m

$ kubectl get svc
NAME         CLUSTER_IP     EXTERNAL_IP   PORT(S)   SELECTOR      AGE
redmine      10.55.241.60   <none>        80/TCP    app=redmine   1m

削除

$ helm uninstall redmine
Service/redmine
ReplicationController/redmine
Uninstall the listed objects? (y/N) y
---> Running `kubectl delete` ...
---> service "redmine" deleted

---> replicationcontroller "redmine" deleted

---> Done

自前のレポジトリを使って helm で Wordpress を構築

事前準備

  • Github にレポジトリを作成しておく
  • charts を作成してレポジトリに push しておく(作成した charts はこちら
  • 以前作成した Wordpress のマニフェストをベースに作成

デフォルトのレポジトリを削除

$ helm repo rm charts

レポジトリを登録

$ helm repo add charts https://github.com/quickguard/charts
---> Cloning into '/home/******/.helm/cache/charts'...
---> Hooray! Successfully added the repo.

確認

$ helm search wordpress
wordpress - The WordPress rich content management system can utilize plugins, widgets, and themes.

charts を編集

レポジトリから取得した charts を作業用ディレクトリにコピー

$ helm fetch wordpress
---> Fetched chart into workspace /home/******/.helm/workspace/charts/wordpress
---> Done

charts 編集(事前に $EDITOR を export しておく)

$ helm edit wordpress

データ永続用の pd を作成しておく

gcloud compute disks create --size=10GB --zone=asia-east1-b mysql-data-disk
gcloud compute disks create --size=10GB --zone=asia-east1-b wordpress-data-disk

kubernetes にデプロイ

$ helm install wordpress
---> Running `kubectl create -f` ...
service "mysql" created

service "wpfrontend" created

replicationcontroller "mysql" created

replicationcontroller "wordpress" created

---> Done
========================================
# Wordpress

Redmine is a free and open source, web-based project management and issue tracking tool. It allows users to manage multiple projects and associated subprojects. It features per project wikis and forums, time tracking, and flexible role based access control. It includes a calendar and Gantt charts to aid visual representation of projects and their deadlines. Redmine integrates with various version control systems and includes a repository browser and diff viewer.
========================================

確認

$ kubectl get rc
CONTROLLER   CONTAINER(S)   IMAGE(S)    SELECTOR         REPLICAS   AGE
mysql        mysql          mysql:5.6   name=mysql       1          5m
wordpress    wordpress      wordpress   name=wordpress   1          5m

$ kubectl get svc
NAME         CLUSTER_IP      EXTERNAL_IP       PORT(S)    SELECTOR         AGE
kubernetes   10.55.240.1     <none>            443/TCP    <none>           5h
mysql        10.55.245.221   <none>            3306/TCP   name=mysql       5m
wpfrontend   10.55.248.68    xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx   80/TCP     name=wordpress   5m

ブラウザで http://{EXTERNAL_IP}/ にアクセス

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