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RaspberryP4にraspicam_cvをインストールする

raspicam_cvをインストールする

$ mkdir raspicam
$ cd raspicam
$ wget https://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/raspicam/raspicam-0.1.8.zip
$ unzip raspicam-0.1.8.zip
$ cd raspicam-0.1.8
$ mkdir build
$ cd build
$ cmake ..
-- The C compiler identification is GNU 8.3.0
-- The CXX compiler identification is GNU 8.3.0 
-- Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc
--Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc -- works
-- Detecting C compiler ABI info
-- Detecting C compiler ABI info - done
-- Detecting C compile features
-- Detecting C compile features - done 
-- Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++
-- Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++ -- works
-- Detecting CXX compiler ABI info
-- Detecting CXX compiler ABI info - done
-- Detecting CXX compile features
-- Detecting CXX compile features - done
-- Found OpenCV: /usr/local (found version "3.4.10") 
-- Adding cv library
-- 
-- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- General configuration for raspicam 0.1.8
-- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- 
    Built as dynamic libs?:ON
    Compiler:/usr/bin/c++
-- C++ flags (Release):          -mcpu=cortex-a8 -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=hard   -O3 -g0  -DNDEBUG
-- C++ flags (Debug):            -mcpu=cortex-a8 -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=hard   -O0 -g3  -DDEBUG -D_DEBUG -DPRINT_DEBUG_MESSAGES
-- CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:         
-- CMAKE_BINARY_DIR:         /home/pi/raspicam/raspicam-0.1.8/build
-- 
-- TARGET_PROCESSOR = armv7l
-- BUILD_SHARED_LIBS = ON
-- BUILD_UTILS = ON
-- CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX = /usr/local
-- CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE = Release
-- CMAKE_MODULE_PATH = /usr/local/lib/cmake/;/usr/lib/cmake
-- CREATE OPENCV MODULE=1
-- CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local
-- REQUIRED_LIBRARIES=pthread
-- Change a value with: cmake -D<Variable>=<Value>
-- Configuring done
-- Generating done
-- Build files have been written to: /home/pi/raspicam/raspicam-0.1.8/build

$ make
$ sudo make install
$ ls  /usr/local/lib/libraspicam*
/usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so        /usr/local/lib/libraspicam.so
/usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so.0.1    /usr/local/lib/libraspicam.so.0.1
/usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so.0.1.8  /usr/local/lib/libraspicam.so.0.1.8

テストプログラム

/**
simpletest_raspicam.cpp
**/
#include <ctime>
#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>
#include <raspicam/raspicam.h>
#include <unistd.h>
using namespace std;

int main ( int argc,char **argv ) {
    raspicam::RaspiCam Camera; //Cmaera object
    //Open camera 
    cout<<"Opening Camera..."<<endl;
    if ( !Camera.open()) {cerr<<"Error opening camera"<<endl;return -1;}
    //wait a while until camera stabilizes
    cout<<"Sleeping for 3 secs"<<endl;
    sleep(3);
    //capture
    Camera.grab();
    //allocate memory
    unsigned char *data=new unsigned char[  Camera.getImageTypeSize ( raspicam::RASPICAM_FORMAT_RGB )];
    //extract the image in rgb format
    Camera.retrieve ( data,raspicam::RASPICAM_FORMAT_RGB );//get camera image
    //save
    std::ofstream outFile ( "raspicam_image.ppm",std::ios::binary );
    outFile<<"P6\n"<<Camera.getWidth() <<" "<<Camera.getHeight() <<" 255\n";
    outFile.write ( ( char* ) data, Camera.getImageTypeSize ( raspicam::RASPICAM_FORMAT_RGB ) );
    cout<<"Image saved at raspicam_image.ppm"<<endl;
    //free resrources    
    delete data;
    return 0;
}

CMakeLists.txt

    cmake_minimum_required (VERSION 2.8) 
    project (raspicam_test)
    find_package(raspicam REQUIRED)
    add_executable (simpletest_raspicam simpletest_raspicam.cpp)  
    target_link_libraries (simpletest_raspicam ${raspicam_LIBS})

ビルド

$ mkdir build
$ cd build
cmake ..
make

実行

$ ./simpletest_raspicam

raspicam_image.jpg

OpenCVのテストプログラム

/*
* simpletest_raspicam_cv.cpp 
*/
#include <ctime>
#include <iostream>
#include <raspicam/raspicam_cv.h>
using namespace std; 

int main ( int argc,char **argv ) {

    time_t timer_begin,timer_end;
    raspicam::RaspiCam_Cv Camera;
    cv::Mat image;
    int nCount=100;
    //set camera params
    Camera.set( CV_CAP_PROP_FORMAT, CV_8UC1 );
    //Open camera
    cout<<"Opening Camera..."<<endl;
    if (!Camera.open()) {cerr<<"Error opening the camera"<<endl;return -1;}
    //Start capture
    cout<<"Capturing "<<nCount<<" frames ...."<<endl;
    time ( &timer_begin );
    for ( int i=0; i<nCount; i++ ) {
        Camera.grab();
        Camera.retrieve ( image);
        if ( i%5==0 )  cout<<"\r captured "<<i<<" images"<<std::flush;
    }
    cout<<"Stop camera..."<<endl;
    Camera.release();
    //show time statistics
    time ( &timer_end ); /* get current time; same as: timer = time(NULL)  */
    double secondsElapsed = difftime ( timer_end,timer_begin );
    cout<< secondsElapsed<<" seconds for "<< nCount<<"  frames : FPS = "<<  ( float ) ( ( float ) ( nCount ) /secondsElapsed ) <<endl;
    //save image 
    cv::imwrite("raspicam_cv_image.jpg",image);
    cout<<"Image saved at raspicam_cv_image.jpg"<<endl;
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required (VERSION 2.8) 
project (raspicam_test)
find_package(raspicam REQUIRED)
find_package(OpenCV)
IF  ( OpenCV_FOUND AND raspicam_CV_FOUND)
    MESSAGE(STATUS "COMPILING OPENCV TESTS")
    add_executable (simpletest_raspicam_cv simpletest_raspicam_cv.cpp)  
    target_link_libraries (simpletest_raspicam_cv ${raspicam_CV_LIBS})
ELSE()
    MESSAGE(FATAL_ERROR "OPENCV NOT FOUND IN YOUR SYSTEM")
ENDIF()

ビルド

$ mkdir build
$ cd build
$ cmake ..
$ make

実行

$ ./simpletest_raspicam_cv

raspicam_cv_image.jpg

github https://github.com/misoragod/raspicam

突然ldがエラーに。

ついさっきまで何事もなくビルドできていなのだがなぜに?
[100%] Linking CXX executable simpletest_raspicam_cv
/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so: invalid string offset 4619 >= 3963 for section `.strtab'
/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so: invalid string offset 4604 >= 3963 for section `.strtab'
/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so: invalid string offset 4592 >= 3963 for section `.strtab'
/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so: invalid string offset 4630 >= 3963 for section `.strtab'
/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so: invalid string offset 4638 >= 3963 for section `.strtab'
/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so: invalid string offset 4585 >= 3963 for section `.strtab'
/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libraspicam_cv.so: invalid string offset 4618 >= 3963 for section `.strtab'

ELFのヘッダー情報がおかしいっていてるが、オブジェクトは出来上がっていて実行もできる。

ldのバージョン確認

$ ld --version 
GNU ld (GNU Binutils for Raspbian) 2.31.1
Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This program is free software; you may redistribute it under the terms of
the GNU General Public License version 3 or (at your option) a later version.
This program has absolutely no warranty.

g++のバージョン確認

$ g++ --version
g++ (Raspbian 8.3.0-6+rpi1) 8.3.0
Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO    
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
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