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温度・湿度・気圧センサー(BME280)の値をArduinoで取得

More than 1 year has passed since last update.

きっかけ

 僕「XBeeでArduinoの無線通信がある程度できるようになったのでセンサー類をArduinoに載せ替えよう」

 ※CO2センサーと同様に以前ラズパイに取り付けて遊んでました
 気温・湿度・気圧センサー(BME280)を使って室内環境を測定

用意したもの

・Arduino UNO
・BME280
・ジャンパワイヤ (オス-オス)
・プルアップ抵抗 (1 KΩ×2)

ラズパイに接続していた時はSDASCLのプルアップ抵抗はラズパイ側に内臓されているようなので、ほとんど気にしてなかったけど
ArduinoではきちんとVdd(高電圧側)SDA/SCL間に抵抗を接続する必要がある

色々サイトを参考にすると10 kΩが良いとかあったけど、手元に10 kΩが無かったので1 kΩを代用した

たかだかセンサーモジュールで消費電力を気にする人はあまりいないと思うけど気にする人はやや大きめの抵抗を使うと良いかも

手順

接続

BME280を以下の通りに接続するスイッチサイエンスにつなぎ方が載っていたのでそのまま拝借
http://trac.switch-science.com/wiki/BME280
s-BME280_12.jpg
SDASCLは抵抗を介してVioと接続することで電圧をプルアップさせる

Arduinoのスケッチ書き込み

こちらもスイッチサイエンスに親切に載っていたので拝借

BME280_I2C.ino
#include <Wire.h>

#define BME280_ADDRESS 0x76
unsigned long int hum_raw,temp_raw,pres_raw;
signed long int t_fine;

uint16_t dig_T1;
 int16_t dig_T2;
 int16_t dig_T3;
uint16_t dig_P1;
 int16_t dig_P2;
 int16_t dig_P3;
 int16_t dig_P4;
 int16_t dig_P5;
 int16_t dig_P6;
 int16_t dig_P7;
 int16_t dig_P8;
 int16_t dig_P9;
 int8_t  dig_H1;
 int16_t dig_H2;
 int8_t  dig_H3;
 int16_t dig_H4;
 int16_t dig_H5;
 int8_t  dig_H6;

void setup()
{
    uint8_t osrs_t = 1;             //Temperature oversampling x 1
    uint8_t osrs_p = 1;             //Pressure oversampling x 1
    uint8_t osrs_h = 1;             //Humidity oversampling x 1
    uint8_t mode = 3;               //Normal mode
    uint8_t t_sb = 5;               //Tstandby 1000ms
    uint8_t filter = 0;             //Filter off 
    uint8_t spi3w_en = 0;           //3-wire SPI Disable

    uint8_t ctrl_meas_reg = (osrs_t << 5) | (osrs_p << 2) | mode;
    uint8_t config_reg    = (t_sb << 5) | (filter << 2) | spi3w_en;
    uint8_t ctrl_hum_reg  = osrs_h;

    Serial.begin(9600);
    Wire.begin();

    writeReg(0xF2,ctrl_hum_reg);
    writeReg(0xF4,ctrl_meas_reg);
    writeReg(0xF5,config_reg);
    readTrim();                    //
}


void loop()
{
    double temp_act = 0.0, press_act = 0.0,hum_act=0.0;
    signed long int temp_cal;
    unsigned long int press_cal,hum_cal;

    readData();

    temp_cal = calibration_T(temp_raw);
    press_cal = calibration_P(pres_raw);
    hum_cal = calibration_H(hum_raw);
    temp_act = (double)temp_cal / 100.0;
    press_act = (double)press_cal / 100.0;
    hum_act = (double)hum_cal / 1024.0;
    Serial.print("TEMP : ");
    Serial.print(temp_act);
    Serial.print(" DegC  PRESS : ");
    Serial.print(press_act);
    Serial.print(" hPa  HUM : ");
    Serial.print(hum_act);
    Serial.println(" %");    

    delay(1000);
}
void readTrim()
{
    uint8_t data[32],i=0;                      // Fix 2014/04/06
    Wire.beginTransmission(BME280_ADDRESS);
    Wire.write(0x88);
    Wire.endTransmission();
    Wire.requestFrom(BME280_ADDRESS,24);       // Fix 2014/04/06
    while(Wire.available()){
        data[i] = Wire.read();
        i++;
    }

    Wire.beginTransmission(BME280_ADDRESS);    // Add 2014/04/06
    Wire.write(0xA1);                          // Add 2014/04/06
    Wire.endTransmission();                    // Add 2014/04/06
    Wire.requestFrom(BME280_ADDRESS,1);        // Add 2014/04/06
    data[i] = Wire.read();                     // Add 2014/04/06
    i++;                                       // Add 2014/04/06

    Wire.beginTransmission(BME280_ADDRESS);
    Wire.write(0xE1);
    Wire.endTransmission();
    Wire.requestFrom(BME280_ADDRESS,7);        // Fix 2014/04/06
    while(Wire.available()){
        data[i] = Wire.read();
        i++;    
    }
    dig_T1 = (data[1] << 8) | data[0];
    dig_T2 = (data[3] << 8) | data[2];
    dig_T3 = (data[5] << 8) | data[4];
    dig_P1 = (data[7] << 8) | data[6];
    dig_P2 = (data[9] << 8) | data[8];
    dig_P3 = (data[11]<< 8) | data[10];
    dig_P4 = (data[13]<< 8) | data[12];
    dig_P5 = (data[15]<< 8) | data[14];
    dig_P6 = (data[17]<< 8) | data[16];
    dig_P7 = (data[19]<< 8) | data[18];
    dig_P8 = (data[21]<< 8) | data[20];
    dig_P9 = (data[23]<< 8) | data[22];
    dig_H1 = data[24];
    dig_H2 = (data[26]<< 8) | data[25];
    dig_H3 = data[27];
    dig_H4 = (data[28]<< 4) | (0x0F & data[29]);
    dig_H5 = (data[30] << 4) | ((data[29] >> 4) & 0x0F); // Fix 2014/04/06
    dig_H6 = data[31];                                   // Fix 2014/04/06
}
void writeReg(uint8_t reg_address, uint8_t data)
{
    Wire.beginTransmission(BME280_ADDRESS);
    Wire.write(reg_address);
    Wire.write(data);
    Wire.endTransmission();    
}


void readData()
{
    int i = 0;
    uint32_t data[8];
    Wire.beginTransmission(BME280_ADDRESS);
    Wire.write(0xF7);
    Wire.endTransmission();
    Wire.requestFrom(BME280_ADDRESS,8);
    while(Wire.available()){
        data[i] = Wire.read();
        i++;
    }
    pres_raw = (data[0] << 12) | (data[1] << 4) | (data[2] >> 4);
    temp_raw = (data[3] << 12) | (data[4] << 4) | (data[5] >> 4);
    hum_raw  = (data[6] << 8) | data[7];
}


signed long int calibration_T(signed long int adc_T)
{

    signed long int var1, var2, T;
    var1 = ((((adc_T >> 3) - ((signed long int)dig_T1<<1))) * ((signed long int)dig_T2)) >> 11;
    var2 = (((((adc_T >> 4) - ((signed long int)dig_T1)) * ((adc_T>>4) - ((signed long int)dig_T1))) >> 12) * ((signed long int)dig_T3)) >> 14;

    t_fine = var1 + var2;
    T = (t_fine * 5 + 128) >> 8;
    return T; 
}

unsigned long int calibration_P(signed long int adc_P)
{
    signed long int var1, var2;
    unsigned long int P;
    var1 = (((signed long int)t_fine)>>1) - (signed long int)64000;
    var2 = (((var1>>2) * (var1>>2)) >> 11) * ((signed long int)dig_P6);
    var2 = var2 + ((var1*((signed long int)dig_P5))<<1);
    var2 = (var2>>2)+(((signed long int)dig_P4)<<16);
    var1 = (((dig_P3 * (((var1>>2)*(var1>>2)) >> 13)) >>3) + ((((signed long int)dig_P2) * var1)>>1))>>18;
    var1 = ((((32768+var1))*((signed long int)dig_P1))>>15);
    if (var1 == 0)
    {
        return 0;
    }    
    P = (((unsigned long int)(((signed long int)1048576)-adc_P)-(var2>>12)))*3125;
    if(P<0x80000000)
    {
       P = (P << 1) / ((unsigned long int) var1);   
    }
    else
    {
        P = (P / (unsigned long int)var1) * 2;    
    }
    var1 = (((signed long int)dig_P9) * ((signed long int)(((P>>3) * (P>>3))>>13)))>>12;
    var2 = (((signed long int)(P>>2)) * ((signed long int)dig_P8))>>13;
    P = (unsigned long int)((signed long int)P + ((var1 + var2 + dig_P7) >> 4));
    return P;
}

unsigned long int calibration_H(signed long int adc_H)
{
    signed long int v_x1;

    v_x1 = (t_fine - ((signed long int)76800));
    v_x1 = (((((adc_H << 14) -(((signed long int)dig_H4) << 20) - (((signed long int)dig_H5) * v_x1)) + 
              ((signed long int)16384)) >> 15) * (((((((v_x1 * ((signed long int)dig_H6)) >> 10) * 
              (((v_x1 * ((signed long int)dig_H3)) >> 11) + ((signed long int) 32768))) >> 10) + (( signed long int)2097152)) * 
              ((signed long int) dig_H2) + 8192) >> 14));
   v_x1 = (v_x1 - (((((v_x1 >> 15) * (v_x1 >> 15)) >> 7) * ((signed long int)dig_H1)) >> 4));
   v_x1 = (v_x1 < 0 ? 0 : v_x1);
   v_x1 = (v_x1 > 419430400 ? 419430400 : v_x1);
   return (unsigned long int)(v_x1 >> 12);   
}

参考にしたサイト

暗号化されてないけどスイッチサイエンスのサイトにお世話になりました
http://trac.switch-science.com/wiki/BME280


_shin_
元大学院生です。おかげさまで4月から社会人になりました。 投稿は自分の備忘録用も兼ねてまとめています。 今はちょっと忙しいですが、暇になったらまた投稿します。 訂正、指摘、質問等ありましたら遠慮なくお願いします。
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