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webpack4でReact環境開発 + SASSもやる

背景

reactを勉強して3ヶ月目にして「sassを使ってみよう!」思っていざ導入しようと思ったが、webpack周辺の知識がなさすぎて中断してしまいました。(create-react-appばっかり使ってるせいかな(⦿_⦿))

必要なモジュールのインストール

mkdir react-app ; cd react-app
yarn init -y
yarn add webpack webpack-cli --dev
yarn add  babel-core babel-loader babel-preset-env --dev
yarn add react react-dom babel-preset-react --dev
yarn add  html-webpack-plugin html-loader --dev
yarn add webpack-dev-server --dev
yarn add sass-loader node-sass style-loader css-loader url-loader --dev

webpack-cliはwebpack4から追加されたらしい

ファイル構成

.
├── dist
│   ├── index.html
│   └── main.js
├── package.json
├── src
│   ├── App.js
│   ├── index.html
│   ├── index.js
│   └── style.scss
├── webpack.config.js
└── yarn.lock

  • nodo_modulesディレクトリがあります。

.babelrc

{
    "presets": ["env", "react"]
  }

webpack.config.js

const HtmlWebPackPlugin = require("html-webpack-plugin");

const MODE = 'development';


module.exports = {
    mode: MODE,
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.js$/,
        exclude: /node_modules/,
        use: {
          loader: "babel-loader"
        }
      },
      {
        test: /\.html$/,
        use: [
          {
            loader: "html-loader",
            options: { minimize: true }
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        test: /\.scss/, 
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          {
            loader: 'css-loader',
            options: {
              url: false,

              importLoaders: 2
            },
          },
          {
            loader: 'sass-loader',

          }
        ],
      },
    ]
  },
  plugins: [
    new HtmlWebPackPlugin({
      template: "./src/index.html",
      filename: "./index.html"
    })
  ]
};

src/App.js

import React from "react";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";


const App = () => {
  return (
    <div className="test">

    </div>
  );
};

export default App;

ReactDOM.render(<App />,
     document.getElementById("app"));

src/index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>webpack 4 quickstart</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="app">
    </div>
</body>
</html>

src/index.js

import App from "./App";
import './style.scss';

src/style.scss

body {
    background-color: black;
}

最後にpackage.jsonの設定を行います。

{
  "name": "reactapptest",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "main": "index.js",
  "license": "MIT",
  "scripts": {
    "start": "./node_modules/.bin/webpack-dev-server --mode development --open",
    "build": "./node_modules/.bin/webpack"
  },
  "dependencies": {
    "webpack": "^4.2.0",
    "webpack-cli": "^2.0.13"
  },
  "devDependencies": {
    "babel-core": "^6.26.0",
    "babel-loader": "^7.1.4",
    "babel-preset-env": "^1.6.1",
    "babel-preset-react": "^6.24.1",
    "css-loader": "^0.28.11",
    "html-loader": "^0.5.5",
    "html-webpack-plugin": "^3.1.0",
    "node-sass": "^4.7.2",
    "react": "^16.2.0",
    "react-dom": "^16.2.0",
    "sass-loader": "^6.0.7",
    "style-loader": "^0.20.3",
    "url-loader": "^1.0.1",
    "webpack-dev-server": "^3.1.1"
  }
}

以下のコマンドを打つと真っ黒な画面が出るはずです。

yarn start

参照

[https://ics.media/entry/17376:title]

[https://www.valentinog.com/blog/webpack-4-tutorial/#webpack_4_setting_up_webpack_4_with_React:title]

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Help us understand the problem. What are the problem?