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PHPでクロスサイトリクエストフォージェリ(CSRF)対策するときのメモ

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<?php
session_start();

//トークンをセッションにセット
function setToken(){
    $token = sha1(uniqid(mt_rand(), true));
    $_SESSION['token'] = $token;
}

//トークンをセッションから取得
function checkToken(){
    //セッションが空か生成したトークンと異なるトークンでPOSTされたときは不正アクセス
    if(empty($_SESSIOIN['token']) || ($_SESSION['token'] != $_POST['token'])){
        echo '不正なPOSTが行われました', PHP_EOL;
        exit;
    }
}

//エスケープ
function h($s){
    return htmlspecialchars($s, ENT_QUOTES, "UTF-8");
}

//GETでアクセスされたとき
if($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] != 'POST'){
    setToken();
}
//POSTでアクセスされたとき
else{
    checkToken();
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="ja">
...
<body>
...
<form method="post" action="">
...
<!--hiddenで生成したワンタイムトークンの文字列をPOST送信-->
<input type="hidden" name="token" value="<?php echo h($_SESSION['token']); ?>">
<input type="submit" value="登録">
...
</form>

...
</body>
</html>
yoh-nak
3Dプリンタがほしい
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