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【随時更新(予定)】Pythonのデータを格納するオブジェクト

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はじめに

自分の備忘もかねて、基本中の基本をまとめていきます

データを格納するオブジェクト

リスト(list)
タプル(tuple)
集合(set)
辞書(dictionary)

タプル(Tuple)

tuple.py
location = (13.4125, 103.866667)

集合(Set)

set.py
numbers = {1, 2, 6, 3, 1, 1, 6}

リスト(List)

list.py
list_of_random_things = [1, 3.4, 'a string', True] 
#listはstring, int, floatすべて可能

list_of_month = ["Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun", "July", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"]
                   0      1      2      3      4      5       ......
#listのindexは0から始まる(一番初めの要素からの距離)
list_of_month[1] #["Feb"]

#list[(含む):(含まない)]
list_of_month[1:4] #["Feb", "Mar", "Apr" ]
list_of_month[:3] #["Jan", "Feb", "Mar" ]
list_of_month[5:] #["Jun", "July", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"] 

#上書き可能(可変)
my_lst = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
my_lst[0] = 'one'
print(my_lst) #['one', 2, 3, 4, 5]

辞書(Dictionary)

dictionary.py
elements = {"hydrogen": 1, "helium": 2, "carbon": 6}
animals = {'dogs': [20, 10, 15, 15], 'cats': [3,4,2,8,2,4], 'rabbits': [2, 3, 3]}
#検索1
print(animals['dogs']) #[20, 10, 15, 15]
#検索2
print(animals['dogs'][3]) #15
#新しいkeyとvalueの追加
animals["birds"] = [4,5,5,6]  
print(animals) #{'dogs': [20, 10, 15, 15], 'cats': [3,4,2,8,2,4], 'rabbits': [2, 3, 3], 'birds': [4,5,5,6]}

まとめ

データ型 順序 変更
追加
削除
表記
タプル(Tuple) × () or tuple() (5.7, 4, 'yes', 5.7)
セット(Set) × { } or set() {5.7, 4, 'yes'}
リスト(List) [] or list() [5.7, 4, 'yes', 5.7]
辞書(Dictionary) × { } or dict() {'Jun': 75, 'Jul': 89}

参考

はじめてにQiitaに当たって書き方を参考に
Qiita書き方

これを使って練習したい(願望)
Hackerrank

ymyk
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