Edited at

ruby2.3でRails5をインストールする ( rbenv )

More than 3 years have passed since last update.

Rails ver5.0.0 が2016.6.30にリリースされました。

ひとまず触ってみようということでインストールします。

スタート時の環境


  • Ruby: 2.2.0

  • Rails: 4.2.5

  • rbenv: 0.4.0

  • OSX: El Capitan


何も考えずにrailsをupdate

$ gem update rails

Updating installed gems

Updating rails
Fetching: rack-2.0.1.gem (100%)
ERROR: Error installing rails:
rack requires Ruby version >= 2.2.2.
Gems updated: rack
Gems already up-to-date: rails

あ、Rubyのバージョンは2.2.2以上が要求されました。

なるほど。せっかくなので2.3.0をインストールしましょう。


Ruby 2.3.0の準備

$ rbenv install 2.3.0

Downloading ruby-2.3.0.tar.bz2...
-> https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.3/ruby-2.3.0.tar.bz2
Installing ruby-2.3.0...
Installed ruby-2.3.0 to /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0
$ rbenv global 2.3.0
$ gem install bundler
$ rbenv rehash

ruby 2.3.0の準備が出来ました。


Railsのインストール

$ gem install rails

Fetching: i18n-0.7.0.gem (100%)

Successfully installed i18n-0.7.0
Fetching: thread_safe-0.3.5.gem (100%)
Successfully installed thread_safe-0.3.5
Fetching: tzinfo-1.2.2.gem (100%)
Successfully installed tzinfo-1.2.2
Fetching: concurrent-ruby-1.0.2.gem (100%)
Successfully installed concurrent-ruby-1.0.2
Fetching: activesupport-5.0.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed activesupport-5.0.0
Fetching: rack-2.0.1.gem (100%)
Successfully installed rack-2.0.1
Fetching: rack-test-0.6.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed rack-test-0.6.3
Fetching: mini_portile2-2.1.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed mini_portile2-2.1.0
Fetching: pkg-config-1.1.7.gem (100%)
Successfully installed pkg-config-1.1.7
Fetching: nokogiri-1.6.8.gem (100%)
Building native extensions. This could take a while...
ERROR: Error installing rails:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

current directory: /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/nokogiri-1.6.8/ext/nokogiri
/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/bin/ruby -r ./siteconf20160707-7578-19i55du.rb extconf.rb
Using pkg-config version 1.1.7
checking if the C compiler accepts ... yes
checking if the C compiler accepts -Wno-error=unused-command-line-argument-hard-error-in-future... no
Building nokogiri using packaged libraries.
Using mini_portile version 2.1.0
checking for iconv.h... yes
checking for gzdopen() in -lz... yes
checking for iconv... yes
************************************************************************
IMPORTANT NOTICE:

Building Nokogiri with a packaged version of libxml2-2.9.4.

Team Nokogiri will keep on doing their best to provide security
updates in a timely manner, but if this is a concern for you and want
to use the system library instead; abort this installation process and
reinstall nokogiri as follows:

gem install nokogiri -- --use-system-libraries
[--with-xml2-config=/path/to/xml2-config]
[--with-xslt-config=/path/to/xslt-config]

If you are using Bundler, tell it to use the option:

bundle config build.nokogiri --use-system-libraries
bundle install

Note, however, that nokogiri is not fully compatible with arbitrary
versions of libxml2 provided by OS/package vendors.
************************************************************************
Extracting libxml2-2.9.4.tar.gz into tmp/x86_64-apple-darwin15.4.0/ports/libxml2/2.9.4... OK
Running 'configure' for libxml2 2.9.4... OK
Running 'compile' for libxml2 2.9.4... ERROR, review '/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/nokogiri-1.6.8/ext/nokogiri/tmp/x86_64-apple-darwin15.4.0/ports/libxml2/2.9.4/compile.log' to see what happened. Last lines are:
========================================================================
unsigned short* in = (unsigned short*) inb;
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
encoding.c:815:27: warning: cast from 'unsigned char *' to 'unsigned short *' increases required alignment from 1 to 2 [-Wcast-align]
unsigned short* out = (unsigned short*) outb;
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
4 warnings generated.
CC error.lo
CC parserInternals.lo
CC parser.lo
CC tree.lo
CC hash.lo
CC list.lo
CC xmlIO.lo
xmlIO.c:1450:52: error: use of undeclared identifier 'LZMA_OK'
ret = (__libxml2_xzclose((xzFile) context) == LZMA_OK ) ? 0 : -1;
^
1 error generated.
make[2]: *** [xmlIO.lo] Error 1
make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make: *** [all] Error 2
========================================================================
*** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of necessary
libraries and/or headers. Check the mkmf.log file for more details. You may
need configuration options.

Provided configuration options:
--with-opt-dir
--without-opt-dir
--with-opt-include
--without-opt-include=${opt-dir}/include
--with-opt-lib
--without-opt-lib=${opt-dir}/lib
--with-make-prog
--without-make-prog
--srcdir=.
--curdir
--ruby=/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/bin/$(RUBY_BASE_NAME)
--help
--clean
--use-system-libraries
--enable-static
--disable-static
--with-zlib-dir
--without-zlib-dir
--with-zlib-include
--without-zlib-include=${zlib-dir}/include
--with-zlib-lib
--without-zlib-lib=${zlib-dir}/lib
--enable-cross-build
--disable-cross-build
/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/mini_portile2-2.1.0/lib/mini_portile2/mini_portile.rb:366:in `block in execute': Failed to complete compile task (RuntimeError)
from /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/mini_portile2-2.1.0/lib/mini_portile2/mini_portile.rb:337:in `chdir'
from /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/mini_portile2-2.1.0/lib/mini_portile2/mini_portile.rb:337:in `execute'
from /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/mini_portile2-2.1.0/lib/mini_portile2/mini_portile.rb:111:in `compile'
from /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/mini_portile2-2.1.0/lib/mini_portile2/mini_portile.rb:150:in `cook'
from extconf.rb:364:in `block (2 levels) in process_recipe'
from extconf.rb:257:in `block in chdir_for_build'
from extconf.rb:256:in `chdir'
from extconf.rb:256:in `chdir_for_build'
from extconf.rb:363:in `block in process_recipe'
from extconf.rb:262:in `tap'
from extconf.rb:262:in `process_recipe'
from extconf.rb:555:in `<main>'

To see why this extension failed to compile, please check the mkmf.log which can be found here:

/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-15/2.3.0-static/nokogiri-1.6.8/mkmf.log

extconf failed, exit code 1

Gem files will remain installed in /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/nokogiri-1.6.8 for inspection.
Results logged to /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-15/2.3.0-static/nokogiri-1.6.8/gem_make.out

残念な気持ちになりました。。

なぜこんなエラーが。。

nokogiri関連で何か言われてるので、

$ gem uninstall nokogiri

$ gem install nokogiri -- --use-system-libraries

Building native extensions with: '--use-system-libraries'

This could take a while...
ERROR: Error installing nokogiri:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

current directory: /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/nokogiri-1.6.8/ext/nokogiri
/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/bin/ruby -r ./siteconf20160707-12077-15fjqco.rb extconf.rb --use-system-libraries
Using pkg-config version 1.1.7
checking if the C compiler accepts ... yes
checking if the C compiler accepts -Wno-error=unused-command-line-argument-hard-error-in-future... no
Building nokogiri using system libraries.
ERROR: cannot discover where libxml2 is located on your system. please make sure `pkg-config` is installed.
*** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of necessary
libraries and/or headers. Check the mkmf.log file for more details. You may
need configuration options.

Provided configuration options:
--with-opt-dir
--without-opt-dir
--with-opt-include
--without-opt-include=${opt-dir}/include
--with-opt-lib
--without-opt-lib=${opt-dir}/lib
--with-make-prog
--without-make-prog
--srcdir=.
--curdir
--ruby=/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/bin/$(RUBY_BASE_NAME)
--help
--clean
--use-system-libraries
--with-zlib-dir
--without-zlib-dir
--with-zlib-include
--without-zlib-include=${zlib-dir}/include
--with-zlib-lib
--without-zlib-lib=${zlib-dir}/lib
--with-xml2-dir
--without-xml2-dir
--with-xml2-include
--without-xml2-include=${xml2-dir}/include
--with-xml2-lib
--without-xml2-lib=${xml2-dir}/lib
--with-libxml-2.0-config
--without-libxml-2.0-config
--with-pkg-config
--without-pkg-config
--with-xslt-dir
--without-xslt-dir
--with-xslt-include
--without-xslt-include=${xslt-dir}/include
--with-xslt-lib
--without-xslt-lib=${xslt-dir}/lib
--with-libxslt-config
--without-libxslt-config
--with-exslt-dir
--without-exslt-dir
--with-exslt-include
--without-exslt-include=${exslt-dir}/include
--with-exslt-lib
--without-exslt-lib=${exslt-dir}/lib
--with-libexslt-config
--without-libexslt-config

To see why this extension failed to compile, please check the mkmf.log which can be found here:

/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-15/2.3.0-static/nokogiri-1.6.8/mkmf.log

extconf failed, exit code 1

Gem files will remain installed in /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/nokogiri-1.6.8 for inspection.
Results logged to /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-15/2.3.0-static/nokogiri-1.6.8/gem_make.out

libxml2 が見つからないっぽいので

$ brew list | grep libxml2

としたらいない。。

$ brew install libxml2

$ brew list | grep libxml2                                                                                                                                                          

34:libxml2

これでいけそう

$ gem install nokogiri -- --use-system-libraries

Building native extensions with: '--use-system-libraries'

This could take a while...
ERROR: Error installing nokogiri:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

current directory: /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/nokogiri-1.6.8/ext/nokogiri
/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/bin/ruby -r ./siteconf20160707-14749-1h35en5.rb extconf.rb --use-system-libraries
Using pkg-config version 1.1.7
checking if the C compiler accepts ... yes
checking if the C compiler accepts -Wno-error=unused-command-line-argument-hard-error-in-future... no
Building nokogiri using system libraries.
ERROR: cannot discover where libxml2 is located on your system. please make sure `pkg-config` is installed.
*** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of necessary
libraries and/or headers. Check the mkmf.log file for more details. You may
need configuration options.

Provided configuration options:
--with-opt-dir
--without-opt-dir
--with-opt-include
--without-opt-include=${opt-dir}/include
--with-opt-lib
--without-opt-lib=${opt-dir}/lib
--with-make-prog
--without-make-prog
--srcdir=.
--curdir
--ruby=/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/bin/$(RUBY_BASE_NAME)
--help
--clean
--use-system-libraries
--with-zlib-dir
--without-zlib-dir
--with-zlib-include
--without-zlib-include=${zlib-dir}/include
--with-zlib-lib
--without-zlib-lib=${zlib-dir}/lib
--with-xml2-dir
--without-xml2-dir
--with-xml2-include
--without-xml2-include=${xml2-dir}/include
--with-xml2-lib
--without-xml2-lib=${xml2-dir}/lib
--with-libxml-2.0-config
--without-libxml-2.0-config
--with-pkg-config
--without-pkg-config
--with-xslt-dir
--without-xslt-dir
--with-xslt-include
--without-xslt-include=${xslt-dir}/include
--with-xslt-lib
--without-xslt-lib=${xslt-dir}/lib
--with-libxslt-config
--without-libxslt-config
--with-exslt-dir
--without-exslt-dir
--with-exslt-include
--without-exslt-include=${exslt-dir}/include
--with-exslt-lib
--without-exslt-lib=${exslt-dir}/lib
--with-libexslt-config
--without-libexslt-config

To see why this extension failed to compile, please check the mkmf.log which can be found here:

/Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-15/2.3.0-static/nokogiri-1.6.8/mkmf.log

extconf failed, exit code 1

Gem files will remain installed in /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/nokogiri-1.6.8 for inspection.
Results logged to /Users/seishin/.rbenv/versions/2.3.0/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-15/2.3.0-static/nokogiri-1.6.8/gem_make.out

いけない。。

$ brew link --force libxml2

brew linkをつける

$ gem install nokogiri -- --use-system-libraries

Building native extensions with: '--use-system-libraries'

This could take a while...
Successfully installed nokogiri-1.6.8
Parsing documentation for nokogiri-1.6.8
Installing ri documentation for nokogiri-1.6.8
Done installing documentation for nokogiri after 4 seconds
1 gem installed

いけた!

$ gem install rails

これでrailsもinstall done!

$ rails -v

Rails 5.0.0

(∩´∀`)∩ワーイ


追記

Mac (El Capitan) で nokogiri のインストール @Ruby 2.3.1 でハマった

同じような問題に対処している記事を見つけました。

結構多くの人がなっていたりするのかも。。