Help us understand the problem. What is going on with this article?

RailsとApacheの連携について

More than 5 years have passed since last update.

 VagrantとVirtualBoxとCentOS6を使って、apacheを通してrailsを使えるようにする勉強をしています。

 質問投稿でしたが、無事動作したので、修正した内容に変更いたします。
 エラーの原因は、passengerをsudoでインストールしたため、systemのruby 1.8.7対象にapacheがビルドされてしまったことでした。

 全ての操作。

> vagrant box add centos664 http://developer.nrel.gov/downloads/vagrant-boxes/CentOS-6.4-x86_64-v20130731.box
> mkdir centos6
> cd centos6
> vagrant init centos664

Vagrantfileを編集
# using a specific IP.
 config.vm.network :private_network, ip: "192.168.33.30"

> vagrant up
> vagrant ssh

yumのアップデートとvimのインストール

$ sudo yum -y update
$ sudo yum -y install vim

日本語化

$ sudo vim /etc/sysconfig/i18n

LANG="ja_JP.UTF-8"

$ sudo reboot

root権限を持たせたユーザ作成

$ sudo usermod -G wheel vagrant
$ sudo visudo

## Allows people in group wheel to run all commands

%wheel  ALL=(ALL)       ALL
wheelグループを有効化する

apacheのインストール

$ sudo yum -y install httpd
$ sudo service httpd start
$ sudo chkconfig httpd on

必要なツール類のインストール

$ sudo yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ openssl-devel zlib-devel make patch git gettext perl rpm-build
$ sudo yum -y install httpd-devel curl-devel ncurses-devel gdbm-devel readline-devel sqlite-devel ruby-devel

rbenvのインストール

$ git clone https://github.com/sstephenson/rbenv.git ~/.rbenv
$ echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.rbenv/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bash_profile
$ echo 'eval "$(rbenv init -)"' >> ~/.bash_profile
$ exec $SHELL -l

$ git clone https://github.com/sstephenson/ruby-build.git ~/.rbenv/plugins/ruby-build
$ sudo .rbenv/plugins/ruby-build/install.sh

ruby 1.9.3のインストール

$ rbenv install -v 1.9.3-p484
$ rbenv rehash

ruby 1.9.3をglobalに設定

$ rbenv global 1.9.3-p484
$ rbenv versions
$ sudo chmod o+x /home/vagrant

passengerのインストール

$ gem install passenger --no-ri --no-rdoc -V
$ rbenv rehash

apacheにpassengerモジュールをインストール

$ passenger-install-apache2-module
The Apache 2 module was successfully installed.

Please edit your Apache configuration file, and add these lines:

   LoadModule passenger_module /home/vagrant/.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p484/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/passenger-4.0.25/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so
   PassengerRoot /home/vagrant/.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p484/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/passenger-4.0.25
   PassengerDefaultRuby /home/vagrant/.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p484/bin/ruby

After you restart Apache, you are ready to deploy any number of Ruby on Rails
applications on Apache, without any further Ruby on Rails-specific
configuration!

Press ENTER to continue.


--------------------------------------------
Deploying a Ruby on Rails application: an example

Suppose you have a Rails application in /somewhere. Add a virtual host to your
Apache configuration file and set its DocumentRoot to /somewhere/public:

   <VirtualHost *:80>
      ServerName www.yourhost.com
      # !!! Be sure to point DocumentRoot to 'public'!
      DocumentRoot /somewhere/public
      <Directory /somewhere/public>
         # This relaxes Apache security settings.
         AllowOverride all
         # MultiViews must be turned off.
         Options -MultiViews
      </Directory>
   </VirtualHost>

And that's it! You may also want to check the Users Guide for security and
optimization tips, troubleshooting and other useful information:

  /home/minao/.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p484/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/passenger-4.0.25/doc/Users guide Apache.html
  http://www.modrails.com/documentation/Users%20guide%20Apache.html

Enjoy Phusion Passenger, a product of Phusion (www.phusion.nl) :-)
https://www.phusionpassenger.com

Phusion Passenger is a trademark of Hongli Lai & Ninh Bui.

とりあえず、rbenv rehash

$ rbenv rehash

passenger.confの作成

$ sudo vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/passenger.conf

以下を書き込む

LoadModule passenger_module /home/vagrant/.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p484/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/passenger-4.0.25/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so
PassengerRoot /home/vagrant/.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p484/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/passenger-4.0.25
PassengerDefaultRuby /home/vagrant/.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p484/bin/ruby

Header always unset "X-Powered-By"
Header always unset "X-Rack-Cache"
Header always unset "X-Content-Digest"
Header always unset "X-Runtime"

httpd.confの修正

$ sudo cp /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf.org
$ sudo vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

修正項目

# 44行目 OS情報を表示しないようにする
ServerTokens Prod

#277行目
ServerName 192.168.33.30:80

# 331行目 -(ハイフン)を追加
Options -Indexes FollowSymLinks

# 536行目 OS情報を表示しないようにする
ServerSignature Off

# キャッシュ強化(以下の行を追加)
# Apache Expire Header
ExpiresActive On
ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 1 days"
ExpiresByType application/x-javascript "access plus 1 days"
ExpiresByType text/javascript "access plus 1 days"
ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 1 days"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 3 days"
ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 3 days"
ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 3 days"
ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access plus 3 days"

# ETags
FileETag MTime Size

apache設定のチェック

$ apachectl configtest
> Syntax OK

Apacheを起動及び、自動起動を設定。

$ sudo service httpd restart
$ sudo chkconfig httpd on

$ sudo chkconfig --list httpd
httpd           0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off

Bundlerのインストール

$ sudo gem install bundler --no-ri --no-rdoc -V
$ rbenv rehash

Railsのインストール

$ gem install rails -v 3.2.15 --no-ri --no-rdoc -V
$ rbenv rehash

Railsでsampleを生成

$ mkdir rails_app
$ cd rails_app
$ rails new sample

Gemfileの修正

$ cd sample
$ vim Gemfile

  # See https://github.com/sstephenson/execjs#readme for more supported runtimes
  gem 'therubyracer', :platforms => :ruby


$ bundle install
$ rbenv rehash

scaffoldで簡単なMVCサンプル作成

$ rails g scaffold foo name:string
$ rake db:migrate

httpd.confにVirtualHost 設定追加

$ sudo vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
      RailsEnv development
      PassengerEnabled on
      ServerName 192.168.33.30
      # !!! Be sure to point DocumentRoot to 'public'!
      DocumentRoot /home/vagrant/rails_app/sample/public
      <Directory /home/vagrant/rails_app/sample/public>
         # This relaxes Apache security settings.
         AllowOverride all
         # MultiViews must be turned off.
         Options -MultiViews
      </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

apache設定のチェック

$ apachectl configtest
> Syntax OK
$ sudo service httpd restart

public/index.htmlからfoosを呼び出すようにroutes.rbを修正

$ vim config/routes.rb
  root :to => 'foos#index'

$ mv public/index.html public/index.html.bak

とりあえず、Firewallを止める

$ sudo service iptables stop
$ sudo chkconfig iptables off
$ sudo chkconfig --list iptables
iptables        0:off   1:off   2:off   3:off   4:off   5:off   6:off

rails_app以下の実行権限を修正

$ cd ~
$ chmod -R o+x rails_app

 これで、http://192.168.33.30 にアクセスすると、無事に動作しました。

Why not register and get more from Qiita?
  1. We will deliver articles that match you
    By following users and tags, you can catch up information on technical fields that you are interested in as a whole
  2. you can read useful information later efficiently
    By "stocking" the articles you like, you can search right away