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Google Colaboratoryでpix2pixを動かしてみる。

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以前仕事でUbuntuのデスクトップでpix2pixの環境を設定して動かしたりしていましたが、自宅で遊ぶため、Colaboratoryでも動かせないか試してみます。

Kerasで、ベーシックなfacadesデータセットで学習が進むところまで進めてみます。


事前準備として、学習にGPUを使いたいため、Colaboratoryのメニューから、「編集」→「ノートブックの設定」→「ハードウェア アクセラレータ」にGPUを選択します。

まずはBuilding the dataのところの指示に従って進めていきます。

Colaboratoryで扱う都合、各コマンドをコマンドラインからではなく、ノート上で!マークを付けてコマンドを実行していきます。

Colaboratory上で、gitコマンドでgithub.com/phillipi/pix2pixのコードをcloneします。

!git clone https://github.com/phillipi/pix2pix.git

別途、Kerasで書かれたものを扱いたいため、github.com/tdeboissiere/DeepLearningImplementationsのコードをcloneします。

!git clone https://github.com/tdeboissiere/DeepLearningImplementations.git

tdeboissiere/DeepLearningImplementationsのリポジトリ内のpix2pixのフォルダのものとなります。これの中身を、phillipi/pix2pixのcloneしたフォルダ内に入れます。

!rsync -a DeepLearningImplementations/pix2pix/ pix2pix/

一応中身を確認。

ls pix2pix/
data/      figures/  LICENSE  models.lua*  scripts/  test.lua*  util/
datasets/  imgs/     models/  README.md    src/      train.lua

DeepLearningImplementations側のsrcフォルダなど追加されたので大丈夫そうです。

用意されているfacadesデータセットをダウンロードします。
download_datasetというスクリプトが用意されているので、そちらを実行します。

29MB程度のライトなデータセットになります。

Colaboratory上から実行しているのと、download_dataset.sh側で相対パスの指定がされているので、リポジトリの説明に書かれている通りに、./datasets/download_dataset.shという指定ができるようにディレクトリを切り替えます。

コマンドラインを使わず、Colaboratory上からどうやるんだろう?と調べたところ、os.chdir関数でシンプルにいけるようです。
参考 : Changing directory in Google collab (breaking out of the python interpreter)

import os
os.chdir('pix2pix/')
!bash ./datasets/download_dataset.sh facades

ダウンロードしたデータを、HDF5形式にする必要があります。
make_dataset.pyというスクリプトが用意されているので、そちらを動かします。

※以前、UbuntuのデスクトップPCで動かした際には、python2.7系だと躓きました。そのため、このスクリプトはpython3系で動かします。

!python -V
Python 3.6.3

また、リポジトリで指定されているいくつかのライブラリをpipで設定しておきます。(時間短縮のため、KerasやTensorFlowなど、Colaboratoryで最初から使えるものは一旦省略します。もし進めてみてバージョンの差異でエラーになったら調整)

!pip install parmap==1.5.1
!pip install tqdm==4.17.0
!pip install opencv_python==3.3.0.10
!pip install h5py==2.7.0
!pip install numpy==1.13.3

make_dataset.pyのスクリプトが、内部で相対パスで指定されており、デフォルトでノートの実行している現在のディレクトリからmake_dataset.pyを実行するとエラーになってしまうので、リポジトリの記載に合わせて現在のディレクトリを変更します。(make_dataset.pyの設置してあるディレクトリへ)

os.chdir('./src/data/')
ls
make_dataset.py  README.md
!python make_dataset.py ../../datasets/facades/ 3 --img_size 256

※jpgが設置されている(=facadesデータセットの)ディレクトリ、カラーチャンネル数(今回は普通のjpg画像なので3)、画像のサイズ(縦256横256ピクセルのデータセットなので256)を指定します。

100%|█████████████████████████████████████████████| 4/4 [00:02<00:00,  1.67it/s]
100%|█████████████████████████████████████████████| 1/1 [00:00<00:00,  1.19it/s]
100%|█████████████████████████████████████████████| 1/1 [00:00<00:00,  1.65it/s]

Training and evaluatingの説明を参考に進めていきます。

os.chdir('../../src/model/')

gaphvizなどがないとKerasで怒られてしまうので、そちらも入れておきます。

!pip install pydot==1.2.3
!pip install graphviz==0.8.1
!pip install pydot3==1.0.9
!pip install pydot-ng==1.0.0
!apt-get install graphviz

学習を動かします。今回の記事ではpix2pixが動かせることを確認するのが目的なので、エポック数は10だけにします。(デフォルトだと400エポックなのと、現時点ではColaboratoryでファイルが消えていように設定しているわけではないので、一旦すぐに終わるようにします。)

!python main.py 64 64 --backend tensorflow --nb_epoch 10

最初にGPUの設定をしていないと、10エポックでも結構時間がかかってしまうと思うのでご注意を。

Using TensorFlow backend.
2018-06-30 10:16:00.491896: I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:897] successful NUMA node read from SysFS had negative value (-1), but there must be at least one NUMA node, so returning NUMA node zero
2018-06-30 10:16:00.492350: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1392] Found device 0 with properties: 
name: Tesla K80 major: 3 minor: 7 memoryClockRate(GHz): 0.8235
pciBusID: 0000:00:04.0
totalMemory: 11.17GiB freeMemory: 11.10GiB
2018-06-30 10:16:00.492402: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1471] Adding visible gpu devices: 0
2018-06-30 10:16:00.725139: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:952] Device interconnect StreamExecutor with strength 1 edge matrix:
2018-06-30 10:16:00.725203: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:958]      0 
2018-06-30 10:16:00.725249: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:971] 0:   N 
2018-06-30 10:16:00.725546: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1084] Created TensorFlow device (/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:GPU:0 with 10765 MB memory) -> physical GPU (device: 0, name: Tesla K80, pci bus id: 0000:00:04.0, compute capability: 3.7)

KerasのGANsモデルの各レイヤー情報などが出力され、学習が始まります。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________
Layer (type)                    Output Shape         Param #     Connected to                     
==================================================================================================
unet_input (InputLayer)         (None, 256, 256, 3)  0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_conv2D_1 (Conv2D)          (None, 128, 128, 64) 1792        unet_input[0][0]                 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_1 (LeakyReLU)       (None, 128, 128, 64) 0           unet_conv2D_1[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_conv2D_2 (Conv2D)          (None, 64, 64, 128)  73856       leaky_re_lu_1[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_1 (BatchNor (None, 64, 64, 128)  512         unet_conv2D_2[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_2 (LeakyReLU)       (None, 64, 64, 128)  0           batch_normalization_1[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_conv2D_3 (Conv2D)          (None, 32, 32, 256)  295168      leaky_re_lu_2[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_2 (BatchNor (None, 32, 32, 256)  1024        unet_conv2D_3[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_3 (LeakyReLU)       (None, 32, 32, 256)  0           batch_normalization_2[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_conv2D_4 (Conv2D)          (None, 16, 16, 512)  1180160     leaky_re_lu_3[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_3 (BatchNor (None, 16, 16, 512)  2048        unet_conv2D_4[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_4 (LeakyReLU)       (None, 16, 16, 512)  0           batch_normalization_3[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_conv2D_5 (Conv2D)          (None, 8, 8, 512)    2359808     leaky_re_lu_4[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_4 (BatchNor (None, 8, 8, 512)    2048        unet_conv2D_5[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_5 (LeakyReLU)       (None, 8, 8, 512)    0           batch_normalization_4[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_conv2D_6 (Conv2D)          (None, 4, 4, 512)    2359808     leaky_re_lu_5[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_5 (BatchNor (None, 4, 4, 512)    2048        unet_conv2D_6[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_6 (LeakyReLU)       (None, 4, 4, 512)    0           batch_normalization_5[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_conv2D_7 (Conv2D)          (None, 2, 2, 512)    2359808     leaky_re_lu_6[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_6 (BatchNor (None, 2, 2, 512)    2048        unet_conv2D_7[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_7 (LeakyReLU)       (None, 2, 2, 512)    0           batch_normalization_6[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_conv2D_8 (Conv2D)          (None, 1, 1, 512)    2359808     leaky_re_lu_7[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_7 (BatchNor (None, 1, 1, 512)    2048        unet_conv2D_8[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_1 (Activation)       (None, 1, 1, 512)    0           batch_normalization_7[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
up_sampling2d_1 (UpSampling2D)  (None, 2, 2, 512)    0           activation_1[0][0]               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_upconv2D_1 (Conv2D)        (None, 2, 2, 512)    2359808     up_sampling2d_1[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_8 (BatchNor (None, 2, 2, 512)    2048        unet_upconv2D_1[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
dropout_1 (Dropout)             (None, 2, 2, 512)    0           batch_normalization_8[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
concatenate_1 (Concatenate)     (None, 2, 2, 1024)   0           dropout_1[0][0]                  
                                                                 batch_normalization_6[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_2 (Activation)       (None, 2, 2, 1024)   0           concatenate_1[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
up_sampling2d_2 (UpSampling2D)  (None, 4, 4, 1024)   0           activation_2[0][0]               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_upconv2D_2 (Conv2D)        (None, 4, 4, 512)    4719104     up_sampling2d_2[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_9 (BatchNor (None, 4, 4, 512)    2048        unet_upconv2D_2[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
dropout_2 (Dropout)             (None, 4, 4, 512)    0           batch_normalization_9[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
concatenate_2 (Concatenate)     (None, 4, 4, 1024)   0           dropout_2[0][0]                  
                                                                 batch_normalization_5[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_3 (Activation)       (None, 4, 4, 1024)   0           concatenate_2[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
up_sampling2d_3 (UpSampling2D)  (None, 8, 8, 1024)   0           activation_3[0][0]               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_upconv2D_3 (Conv2D)        (None, 8, 8, 512)    4719104     up_sampling2d_3[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_10 (BatchNo (None, 8, 8, 512)    2048        unet_upconv2D_3[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
dropout_3 (Dropout)             (None, 8, 8, 512)    0           batch_normalization_10[0][0]     
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
concatenate_3 (Concatenate)     (None, 8, 8, 1024)   0           dropout_3[0][0]                  
                                                                 batch_normalization_4[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_4 (Activation)       (None, 8, 8, 1024)   0           concatenate_3[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
up_sampling2d_4 (UpSampling2D)  (None, 16, 16, 1024) 0           activation_4[0][0]               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_upconv2D_4 (Conv2D)        (None, 16, 16, 256)  2359552     up_sampling2d_4[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_11 (BatchNo (None, 16, 16, 256)  1024        unet_upconv2D_4[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
concatenate_4 (Concatenate)     (None, 16, 16, 768)  0           batch_normalization_11[0][0]     
                                                                 batch_normalization_3[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_5 (Activation)       (None, 16, 16, 768)  0           concatenate_4[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
up_sampling2d_5 (UpSampling2D)  (None, 32, 32, 768)  0           activation_5[0][0]               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_upconv2D_5 (Conv2D)        (None, 32, 32, 128)  884864      up_sampling2d_5[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_12 (BatchNo (None, 32, 32, 128)  512         unet_upconv2D_5[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
concatenate_5 (Concatenate)     (None, 32, 32, 384)  0           batch_normalization_12[0][0]     
                                                                 batch_normalization_2[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_6 (Activation)       (None, 32, 32, 384)  0           concatenate_5[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
up_sampling2d_6 (UpSampling2D)  (None, 64, 64, 384)  0           activation_6[0][0]               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_upconv2D_6 (Conv2D)        (None, 64, 64, 64)   221248      up_sampling2d_6[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_13 (BatchNo (None, 64, 64, 64)   256         unet_upconv2D_6[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
concatenate_6 (Concatenate)     (None, 64, 64, 192)  0           batch_normalization_13[0][0]     
                                                                 batch_normalization_1[0][0]      
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_7 (Activation)       (None, 64, 64, 192)  0           concatenate_6[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
up_sampling2d_7 (UpSampling2D)  (None, 128, 128, 192 0           activation_7[0][0]               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
unet_upconv2D_7 (Conv2D)        (None, 128, 128, 64) 110656      up_sampling2d_7[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_14 (BatchNo (None, 128, 128, 64) 256         unet_upconv2D_7[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
concatenate_7 (Concatenate)     (None, 128, 128, 128 0           batch_normalization_14[0][0]     
                                                                 unet_conv2D_1[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_8 (Activation)       (None, 128, 128, 128 0           concatenate_7[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
up_sampling2d_8 (UpSampling2D)  (None, 256, 256, 128 0           activation_8[0][0]               
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
last_conv (Conv2D)              (None, 256, 256, 3)  3459        up_sampling2d_8[0][0]            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
activation_9 (Activation)       (None, 256, 256, 3)  0           last_conv[0][0]                  
==================================================================================================
Total params: 26,387,971
Trainable params: 26,377,987
Non-trainable params: 9,984
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
PatchGAN summary
_________________________________________________________________
Layer (type)                 Output Shape              Param #   
=================================================================
discriminator_input (InputLa (None, 64, 64, 3)         0         
_________________________________________________________________
disc_conv2d_1 (Conv2D)       (None, 32, 32, 64)        1792      
_________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_15 (Batc (None, 32, 32, 64)        256       
_________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_8 (LeakyReLU)    (None, 32, 32, 64)        0         
_________________________________________________________________
disc_conv2d_2 (Conv2D)       (None, 16, 16, 128)       73856     
_________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_16 (Batc (None, 16, 16, 128)       512       
_________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_9 (LeakyReLU)    (None, 16, 16, 128)       0         
_________________________________________________________________
disc_conv2d_3 (Conv2D)       (None, 8, 8, 256)         295168    
_________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_17 (Batc (None, 8, 8, 256)         1024      
_________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_10 (LeakyReLU)   (None, 8, 8, 256)         0         
_________________________________________________________________
disc_conv2d_4 (Conv2D)       (None, 4, 4, 512)         1180160   
_________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_18 (Batc (None, 4, 4, 512)         2048      
_________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_11 (LeakyReLU)   (None, 4, 4, 512)         0         
_________________________________________________________________
disc_conv2d_5 (Conv2D)       (None, 2, 2, 512)         2359808   
_________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_19 (Batc (None, 2, 2, 512)         2048      
_________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_12 (LeakyReLU)   (None, 2, 2, 512)         0         
_________________________________________________________________
disc_conv2d_6 (Conv2D)       (None, 1, 1, 512)         2359808   
_________________________________________________________________
batch_normalization_20 (Batc (None, 1, 1, 512)         2048      
_________________________________________________________________
leaky_re_lu_13 (LeakyReLU)   (None, 1, 1, 512)         0         
_________________________________________________________________
flatten_1 (Flatten)          (None, 512)               0         
_________________________________________________________________
disc_dense (Dense)           (None, 2)                 1026      
=================================================================
Total params: 6,279,554
Trainable params: 6,275,586
Non-trainable params: 3,968
_________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
Layer (type)                    Output Shape         Param #     Connected to                     
==================================================================================================
disc_input_0 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_1 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_2 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_3 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_4 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_5 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_6 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_7 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_8 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_9 (InputLayer)       (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_10 (InputLayer)      (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_11 (InputLayer)      (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_12 (InputLayer)      (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_13 (InputLayer)      (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_14 (InputLayer)      (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_input_15 (InputLayer)      (None, 64, 64, 3)    0                                            
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
PatchGAN (Model)                [(None, 2), (None, 5 6279554     disc_input_0[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_1[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_2[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_3[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_4[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_5[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_6[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_7[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_8[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_9[0][0]               
                                                                 disc_input_10[0][0]              
                                                                 disc_input_11[0][0]              
                                                                 disc_input_12[0][0]              
                                                                 disc_input_13[0][0]              
                                                                 disc_input_14[0][0]              
                                                                 disc_input_15[0][0]              
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
concatenate_8 (Concatenate)     (None, 32)           0           PatchGAN[17][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[18][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[19][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[20][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[21][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[22][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[23][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[24][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[25][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[26][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[27][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[28][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[29][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[30][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[31][0]                  
                                                                 PatchGAN[32][0]                  
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
disc_output (Dense)             (None, 2)            66          concatenate_8[0][0]              
==================================================================================================
Total params: 6,279,620
Trainable params: 6,275,652
Non-trainable params: 3,968
__________________________________________________________________________________________________

しばらく放置します。

Start training

396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 1s - D logloss: 0.7930 - G tot: 12.9405 - G L1: 1.2084 - G logloss: 0.8563
Epoch 1/10, Time: 113.86415982246399
396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.7527 - G tot: 12.0374 - G L1: 1.1294 - G logloss: 0.7433
Epoch 2/10, Time: 69.81179237365723
396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.7399 - G tot: 11.9709 - G L1: 1.1166 - G logloss: 0.8051
Epoch 3/10, Time: 69.62254095077515
 96/400 [======>.......................] - ETA: 52s - D logloss: 0.7626 - G tot: 11.4249 - G L1: 1.0630 - G logloss: 0.7946

396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.7396 - G tot: 11.4491 - G L1: 1.0694 - G logloss: 0.7550
Epoch 4/10, Time: 69.69684600830078
396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.7545 - G tot: 11.1620 - G L1: 1.0439 - G logloss: 0.7231
Epoch 5/10, Time: 69.6496753692627
396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.7141 - G tot: 11.2265 - G L1: 1.0580 - G logloss: 0.6469
Epoch 6/10, Time: 69.64432549476624
112/400 [=======>......................] - ETA: 50s - D logloss: 0.7090 - G tot: 11.6766 - G L1: 1.0990 - G logloss: 0.6865

396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.6971 - G tot: 11.2397 - G L1: 1.0525 - G logloss: 0.7151
Epoch 7/10, Time: 69.55629849433899
396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.6883 - G tot: 11.2827 - G L1: 1.0555 - G logloss: 0.7281
Epoch 8/10, Time: 69.65778112411499
396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.6923 - G tot: 11.1760 - G L1: 1.0490 - G logloss: 0.6862
Epoch 9/10, Time: 69.43872261047363
116/400 [=======>......................] - ETA: 49s - D logloss: 0.6928 - G tot: 11.0454 - G L1: 1.0365 - G logloss: 0.6802

396/400 [============================>.] - ETA: 0s - D logloss: 0.6940 - G tot: 11.0641 - G L1: 1.0375 - G logloss: 0.6891
Epoch 10/10, Time: 69.7152578830719

(なんだか、途中で止まっているエポックが・・Colaboratoryの表示上の問題なのか、なんとも言えません・・。)

pix2pix/figures/ 以下に、現在のエポックによる推論結果などの画像が出力されるので、少し確認してみます。

ls ../../figures/
current_batch_training.png    DCGAN_discriminator.png        img_pix2pix.png
current_batch_validation.png  generator_unet_upsampling.png
from PIL import Image
img = Image.open('../../figures/current_batch_validation.png')
img

image.png

上が入力画像、真ん中が推論結果、下が実際の建物の画像(ground truth)となります。

まだ10エポックだけだと、合成画像っぽさが強く残っていますが、とりあえずColaboratoryでも無事pix2pixのGANsモデルを動かせたようです:sunny:

チューリングテスト的に、人が区別付かないレベルの画像を推論できるようにするには、1000を超えるエポック数、学習させたりすると安定したりしたという過去の経験があり、本格的なものは結構他にも色々考える必要があります。
e.g. Colaboratoryだと時間制限があるため、エポックを一定数で分割して、学習済みの重みのデータを次回読み込んでエポック数を稼いだり、あとはColaboratoryでファイルが消えないように設定したりなどなど・・

ただ、アノテーションをがっつり、丁寧に行って、分野を絞る(推論対象のジャンルを絞ったデータセットでのモデルを組む)と、数千程度のデータセットでもかなりいい感じの画像を推論できたりしているため、線画着色モデルを組んでみたりとか、写真からイラストを生み出すモデルを組んでみたりとか、綺麗に画像を拡大したり、カラバリ推論モデルを組んだり、モノクロ画像に色を付けたり、Adobe Sensei的なことをしてみて遊んだり・・色々楽しそうです:hamburger:

(アノテーション周りの大切さはより良い機械学習のためのアノテーションの機械学習の記事によくまとまっていましたのでご参照ください)

今回の記事の検証で、Colaboratoryでpix2pixが動かせることが分かりました。
そしてなにより、Colaboratoryが無料で使える点、UbuntuとGPUとPythonとTensorFlowなどでの依存関係による環境作ったりで大きく躓いたりといったことがなく、この辺りは流石Googleのサービスで、TensorFlowやKerasなどを動かす手軽さがとても敷居が低くて助かります。

近いうち、ある程度データセットを集めてみてアノテーションの作業などが終わったら、実際にpix2pixで遊んでみようと思います。

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