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【PowerShell】デスクトップ通知のスニペット【トースト通知】

コピペするだけで使えます。BurntToastが管理者権限でインストールできない場合やよりカスタマイズしたい場合にご活用ください。

PowerShell 7.1以降をお使いの方へ

WinRT.Runtime.dllMicrosoft.Windows.SDK.NET.dllをロードし、完全修飾名を削除する必要があります。

例:

Invoke-WebRequest https://github.com/Windos/BurntToast/raw/main/BurntToast/lib/Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET/WinRT.Runtime.dll -OutFile WinRT.Runtime.dll
Add-Type -Path WinRT.Runtime.dll
Invoke-WebRequest https://github.com/Windos/BurntToast/raw/main/BurntToast/lib/Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET/Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET.dll -OutFile Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET.dll
Add-Type -Path Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET.dll

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier().Show($XmlDocument)

以下でWinRT.Runtime.dllMicrosoft.Windows.SDK.NET.dllをロードすることもできます。管理者権限が必要かもしれませんが。

Find-Package -ProviderName NuGet -Source https://www.nuget.org/api/v2 -Name Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET.Ref | Install-Package
Add-Type -Path $env:ProgramFiles/PackageManagement/NuGet/Packages/Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET.Ref.*/lib/net*/*.dll

https://github.com/PowerShell/PowerShell/issues/13042#issuecomment-653357546

1行テキスト

image

$bodyText = 'A single string wrapped across a maximum of three lines of text.'

$ToastText01 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastText01
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastText01)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $bodyText
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

2行テキスト

image

$headlineText = 'One string of bold text on the first line.'
$bodyText = 'One string of regular text wrapped across the second and third lines.'

$ToastText02 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastText02
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastText02)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $headlineText
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="2"]').InnerText = $bodyText
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

2行テキスト折り返し

image

$headlineText = 'One string of bold text wrapped across the first and second lines.'
$bodyText = 'One string of regular text on the third line.'

$ToastText03 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastText03
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastText03)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $headlineText
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="2"]').InnerText = $bodyText
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

3行テキスト

image

$headlineText = 'One string of bold text on the first line.'
$bodyText1 = 'One string of regular text on the second line.'
$bodyText2 = 'One string of regular text on the third line.'

$ToastText04 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastText04
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastText04)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $headlineText
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="2"]').InnerText = $bodyText1
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="3"]').InnerText = $bodyText2
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

1行テキストと画像

image

$image = 'C:\Windows\IdentityCRL\WLive48x48.png'
$bodyText = 'A single string wrapped across a maximum of three lines of text.'

$ToastImageAndText01 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastImageAndText01
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastImageAndText01)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//image[@id="1"]').SetAttribute('src', $image)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $bodyText
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

2行テキストと画像

image

$image = 'C:\Windows\IdentityCRL\WLive48x48.png'
$headlineText = 'One string of bold text on the first line.'
$bodyText = 'One string of regular text wrapped across the second and third lines.'

$ToastImageAndText02 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastImageAndText02
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastImageAndText02)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//image[@id="1"]').SetAttribute('src', $image)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $headlineText
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="2"]').InnerText = $bodyText
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

2行テキスト折り返しと画像

image

$image = 'C:\Windows\IdentityCRL\WLive48x48.png'
$headlineText = 'One string of bold text wrapped across the first two lines.'
$bodyText = 'One string of regular text on the third line.'

$ToastImageAndText03 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastImageAndText03
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastImageAndText03)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//image[@id="1"]').SetAttribute('src', $image)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $headlineText
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="2"]').InnerText = $bodyText
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

3行テキストと画像

image

$image = 'C:\Windows\IdentityCRL\WLive48x48.png'
$headlineText = 'One string of bold text on the first line.'
$bodyText1 = 'One string of regular text on the second line.'
$bodyText2 = 'One string of regular text on the third line.'

$ToastImageAndText04 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastImageAndText04
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastImageAndText04)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//image[@id="1"]').SetAttribute('src', $image)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $headlineText
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="2"]').InnerText = $bodyText1
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="3"]').InnerText = $bodyText2
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

改行 `n

image

$bodyText = "ASCII.JP`nWindows Info"

$ToastText01 = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastTemplateType, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::ToastText01
$TemplateContent = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::GetTemplateContent($ToastText01)
$TemplateContent.SelectSingleNode('//text[@id="1"]').InnerText = $bodyText
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($TemplateContent)

ロゴ画像 placement="appLogoOverride"

image

$headlineText = 'One string of bold text on the first line.'
$bodyText = 'One string of regular text on the second line.'
$logo = 'C:\Windows\IdentityCRL\WLive48x48.png'
$image = 'C:\Windows\Web\Screen\img100.jpg'

$xml = @"
<toast>
    <visual>
        <binding template="ToastGeneric">
            <text>$($headlineText)</text>
            <text>$($bodyText)</text>
            <image placement="appLogoOverride" src="$($logo)"/>
            <image src="$($image)"/>
        </binding>
    </visual>
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

丸いロゴ hint-crop="circle"

image

$headlineText = 'One string of bold text on the first line.'
$bodyText = 'One string of regular text on the second line.'
$logo = 'C:\Windows\IdentityCRL\WLive48x48.png'
$image = 'C:\Windows\Web\Screen\img100.jpg'

$xml = @"
<toast>
    <visual>
        <binding template="ToastGeneric">
            <text>$($headlineText)</text>
            <text>$($bodyText)</text>
            <image placement="appLogoOverride" hint-crop="circle" src="$($logo)"/>
            <image src="$($image)"/>
        </binding>
    </visual>
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

上部に画像 placement="hero"

image

$headlineText = 'One string of bold text on the first line.'
$bodyText = 'One string of regular text on the second line.'
$logo = 'C:\Windows\IdentityCRL\WLive48x48.png'
$image = 'C:\Windows\Web\Screen\img100.jpg'

$xml = @"
<toast>
    <visual>
        <binding template="ToastGeneric">
            <text>$($headlineText)</text>
            <text>$($bodyText)</text>
            <image placement="appLogoOverride" src="$($logo)"/>
            <image placement="hero" src="$($image)"/>
        </binding>
    </visual>
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

基本

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <audio src="ms-winsoundevent:Notification.Reminder"/>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

利用可能な音一覧
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/uwp/schemas/tiles/toastschema/element-audio#attributes

音のループ

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <audio src="ms-winsoundevent:Notification.Reminder" loop="true"/>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

無音

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <audio silent="true"/>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

URLを設定して音を鳴らす

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <audio silent="true"/>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

$MediaPlayer = [Windows.Media.Playback.MediaPlayer, Windows.Media, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$MediaPlayer.Source = [Windows.Media.Core.MediaSource]::CreateFromUri('https://nyanpass.com/nyanpass.mp3')
$MediaPlayer.Play()

ファイルを設定して音を鳴らす

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <audio silent="true"/>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

$MediaPlayer = [Windows.Media.Playback.MediaPlayer, Windows.Media, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$MediaPlayer.Source = [Windows.Media.Core.MediaSource]::CreateFromUri('C:\Users\Admin\Downloads\nyanpass.mp3')
$MediaPlayer.Play()

テキスト読み上げ

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <audio silent="true"/>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

Add-Type -AssemblyName System.speech
([System.Speech.Synthesis.SpeechSynthesizer]::New()).Speak('Hello world')

リンクを開く

image

$xml = @"
<toast activationType="protocol" launch="https://www.google.com/" >
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Click to open Google</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

ボタンをクリックしてリンクを開く

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  
  <actions>
    <action content="Open Google" activationType="protocol" arguments="https://www.google.com/" />
  </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

Pythonスクリプトを実行

image

$PSDefaultParameterValues['Out-File:Encoding'] = 'utf8'
'import webbrowser; webbrowser.open("https://www.python.org")' > handler.pyw
$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  
  <actions>
    <action content="Execute Python Script" activationType="protocol" arguments="$($PWD)\handler.pyw" />
  </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

長く表示される通知

image

$xml = @"
<toast duration="long">
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

25秒表示されます

アラーム scenario="alarm"

image
image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=viewAlarm&amp;alarmId=3" scenario="alarm">

  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Time to wake up!</text>
      <text>To prove you're awake, select which of the following fruits is yellow...</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <actions>

    <input id="answer" type="selection" defaultInput="wrongDefault">
      <selection id="wrong" content="Orange"/>
      <selection id="wrongDefault" content="Blueberry"/>
      <selection id="right" content="Banana"/>
      <selection id="wrong" content="Avacado"/>
      <selection id="wrong" content="Cherry"/>
    </input>

    <action
      activationType="system"
      arguments="snooze"
      content=""/>

    <action
      activationType="background"
      arguments="dismiss"
      content="Dismiss"/>

  </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

スヌーズできます。

ニュース速報 placement="attribution"

image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=viewStory&amp;storyId=92187">

    <visual>
        <binding template="ToastGeneric">
            <text>Tortoise beats rabbit in epic race</text>
            <text>In a surprising turn of events, Rockstar Rabbit took a nasty crash, allowing Thomas the Tortoise to win the race.</text>
            <text placement="attribution">The Animal Times</text>
        </binding>
    </visual>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

イベントに招待

image
image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=viewEvent&amp;eventId=63851">
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Surface Launch Party</text>
      <text>Studio S / Ballroom</text>
      <text>4:00 PM, 10/26/2015</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <actions>
    
    <input id="status" type="selection" defaultInput="yes">
      <selection id="yes" content="Going"/>
      <selection id="maybe" content="Maybe"/>
      <selection id="no" content="Decline"/>
    </input>

    <action
      activationType="background"
      arguments="action=rsvpEvent&amp;eventId=63851"
      content="RSVP"/>

    <action
      activationType="system"
      arguments="dismiss"
      content=""/>
    
  </actions>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

フレンド申請

image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=viewFriendRequest&amp;userId=49183">

  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Matt sent you a friend request</text>
      <text>Hey, wanna dress up as wizards and ride around on our hoverboards together?</text>
      <image placement="appLogoOverride" hint-crop="circle" src="C:\Windows\IdentityCRL\WLive48x48.png"/>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <actions>
    <action content="Accept" activationType="background" arguments="action=acceptFriendRequest&amp;userId=49183"/>
    <action content="Decline" activationType="background" arguments="action=declineFriendRequest&amp;userId=49183"/>
  </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

着信 scenario="incomingCall"

image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=answer&amp;callId=938163" scenario="incomingCall">

  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Andrew Bares</text>
      <text>Incoming Call - Mobile</text>
      <image hint-crop="circle" src="https://unsplash.it/100?image=883"/>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <actions>

    <action
      content="Text reply"
      imageUri="https://storage.googleapis.com/rppico.appspot.com/message.png"
      activationType="foreground"
      arguments="action=textReply&amp;callId=938163"/>

    <action
      content="Reminder"
      imageUri="https://storage.googleapis.com/rppico.appspot.com/reminder.png"
      activationType="background"
      arguments="action=reminder&amp;callId=938163"/>

    <action
      content="Ignore"
      imageUri="https://storage.googleapis.com/rppico.appspot.com/cancel.png"
      activationType="background"
      arguments="action=ignore&amp;callId=938163"/>

    <action
      content="Answer"
      imageUri="https://storage.googleapis.com/rppico.appspot.com/telephone.png"
      arguments="action=answer&amp;callId=938163"/>

  </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = 'Microsoft.WindowsTerminal_8wekyb3d8bbwe!App'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

メッセージ

image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=openThread&amp;threadId=92187">

    <visual>
        <binding template="ToastGeneric">
            <text hint-maxLines="1">Jill Bender</text>
            <text>Check out where we camped last weekend! It was incredible, wish you could have come on the backpacking trip!</text>
            <image placement="appLogoOverride" hint-crop="circle" src="https://unsplash.it/64?image=1027"/>
            <image placement="hero" src="https://unsplash.it/360/180?image=1043"/>
        </binding>
    </visual>

    <actions>

        <input id="textBox" type="text" placeHolderContent="reply"/>

        <action
          content="Send"
          imageUri="https://storage.googleapis.com/rppico.appspot.com/send.png"
          hint-inputId="textBox"
          activationType="background"
          arguments="action=reply&amp;threadId=92187"/>

    </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = 'Microsoft.WindowsTerminal_8wekyb3d8bbwe!App'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

タグ付けされた写真

image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=viewPhoto&amp;photoId=92187">

  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <image placement="appLogoOverride" hint-crop="circle" src="https://unsplash.it/64?image=669"/>
      <text>Adam Wilson tagged you in a photo</text>
      <text>On top of McClellan Butte - with Andrew Bares</text>
      <image src="https://unsplash.it/360/202?image=883"/>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <actions>

    <action
      content="Like"
      activationType="background"
      arguments="likePhoto&amp;photoId=92187"/>
    
    <action
      content="Comment"
      arguments="action=commentPhoto&amp;photoId=92187"/>
    
  </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = 'Microsoft.WindowsTerminal_8wekyb3d8bbwe!App'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

進捗バー

image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=viewDownload&amp;downloadId=9438108">
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Downloading this week's new video...</text>
      <progress
        title="{progressTitle}"
        value="{progressValue}"
        valueStringOverride="{progressValueString}"
        status="{progressStatus}"/>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <actions>

    <action
      activationType="background"
      arguments="action=pauseDownload&amp;downloadId=9438108"
      content="Pause"/>

    <action
      activationType="background"
      arguments="action=cancelDownload&amp;downloadId=9438108"
      content="Cancel"/>
    
  </actions>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$ToastNotification = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotification, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New($XmlDocument)
$ToastNotification.Tag = 'my_tag'
$Dictionary = [System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary[String, String]]::New()
$Dictionary.Add('progressTitle', 'YouTube')
$Dictionary.Add('progressValue', '0')
$Dictionary.Add('progressValueString', '0/15 videos')
$Dictionary.Add('progressStatus', 'Downloading...')
$ToastNotification.Data = [Windows.UI.Notifications.NotificationData]::New($Dictionary)
$ToastNotification.Data.SequenceNumber = 1
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($ToastNotification)


for ($index = 1; $index -le 15; $index++) {
  Start-Sleep 1
  $Dictionary = [System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary[String, String]]::New()
  $Dictionary.Add('progressValue', $index / 15)
  $Dictionary.Add('progressValueString', "$index/15 videos")
  $NotificationData = [Windows.UI.Notifications.NotificationData]::New($Dictionary)
  $NotificationData.SequenceNumber = 2
  [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Update($NotificationData, 'my_tag')
}

$Dictionary = [System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary[String, String]]::New()
$Dictionary.Add('progressStatus', 'Completed!')
$NotificationData = [Windows.UI.Notifications.NotificationData]::New($Dictionary)
$NotificationData.SequenceNumber = 2
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Update($NotificationData, 'my_tag')

リマインダー scenario="reminder"

image
image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=viewEvent&amp;eventId=1983" scenario="reminder">
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Adaptive Tiles Meeting</text>
      <text>Conf Room 2001 / Building 135</text>
      <text>10:00 AM - 10:30 AM</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>

  <actions>
    
    <input id="snoozeTime" type="selection" defaultInput="15">
      <selection id="1" content="1 minute"/>
      <selection id="15" content="15 minutes"/>
      <selection id="60" content="1 hour"/>
      <selection id="240" content="4 hours"/>
      <selection id="1440" content="1 day"/>
    </input>

    <action
      activationType="system"
      arguments="snooze"
      hint-inputId="snoozeTime"
      content=""/>

    <action
      activationType="system"
      arguments="dismiss"
      content=""/>
    
  </actions>
  
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

通知が再度表示されます。

レストラン

image

$xml = @"
<toast launch="action=viewRestaurant&amp;restaurantId=92187">

    <visual>
        <binding template="ToastGeneric">
            <image placement="hero" src="https://storage.googleapis.com/rppico.appspot.com/Food1.jpg"/>
            <text hint-maxLines="1">New suggested restaurant</text>
            <text>There's a popular chinese restaurant near you that we think you'd like!</text>
            <image src="https://storage.googleapis.com/rppico.appspot.com/RestaurantMap.jpg"/>
            <group>
                <subgroup>
                    <text hint-style="body">Pho Licious</text>
                    <text hint-style="captionSubtle">4.6 stars</text>
                </subgroup>
                <subgroup hint-textStacking="bottom">
                    <text hint-style="captionSubtle" hint-wrap="true" hint-align="right">4018 148th Ave NE, Redmond, WA 98052</text>
                </subgroup>
            </group>
        </binding>
    </visual>

    <actions>

        <action
          content="Map"
          arguments="bingmaps:?q=4018 148th Ave NE, Redmond, WA 98052"
          activationType="protocol"/>

        <action
          content="Reviews"
          arguments="action=viewRestaurantReviews&amp;restaurantId=92187"/>

    </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = 'Microsoft.WindowsTerminal_8wekyb3d8bbwe!App'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

2カラムデザインにできます。

天気

image

$xml = @"
<toast>

    <visual baseUri="https://storage.googleapis.com/rppico.appspot.com/">
        <binding template="ToastGeneric">
            <text>Today will be sunny with a high of 63 and a low of 42.</text>

            <group>
                <subgroup hint-weight="1">
                    <text hint-align="center">Mon</text>
                    <image src="Mostly Cloudy.png" hint-removeMargin="true"/>
                    <text hint-align="center">63°</text>
                    <text hint-style="captionsubtle" hint-align="center">42°</text>
                </subgroup>
                <subgroup hint-weight="1">
                    <text hint-align="center">Tue</text>
                    <image src="Cloudy.png" hint-removeMargin="true"/>
                    <text hint-align="center">57°</text>
                    <text hint-style="captionsubtle" hint-align="center">38°</text>
                </subgroup>
                <subgroup hint-weight="1">
                    <text hint-align="center">Wed</text>
                    <image src="Sunny.png" hint-removeMargin="true"/>
                    <text hint-align="center">59°</text>
                    <text hint-style="captionsubtle" hint-align="center">43°</text>
                </subgroup>
                <subgroup hint-weight="1">
                    <text hint-align="center">Thu</text>
                    <image src="Sunny.png" hint-removeMargin="true"/>
                    <text hint-align="center">62°</text>
                    <text hint-style="captionsubtle" hint-align="center">42°</text>
                </subgroup>
                <subgroup hint-weight="1">
                    <text hint-align="center">Fri</text>
                    <image src="Sunny.png" hint-removeMargin="true"/>
                    <text hint-align="center">71°</text>
                    <text hint-style="captionsubtle" hint-align="center">66°</text>
                </subgroup>
            </group>
        </binding>
    </visual>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = 'Microsoft.WindowsTerminal_8wekyb3d8bbwe!App'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

baseUriで既定のパスを設定できます。

音楽を再生したり、フォルダを開いたり

image

$xml = @"
<toast>
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Music Player</text>
      <text>Download Finished</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  <actions>
    <action content="Play" activationType="protocol" arguments="C:\Windows\Media\Alarm01.wav" />
    <action content="Open Folder" activationType="protocol" arguments="file:///C:/Windows/Media" />
  </actions>
</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

コンテンツなし

image

$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml('<toast></toast>')
$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($XmlDocument)

コールバック

PowerShell 7.1 以降を使う場合

Invoke-WebRequest https://github.com/Windos/BurntToast/raw/main/BurntToast/lib/Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET/WinRT.Runtime.dll -OutFile WinRT.Runtime.dll
Add-Type -Path WinRT.Runtime.dll
Invoke-WebRequest https://github.com/Windos/BurntToast/raw/main/BurntToast/lib/Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET/Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET.dll -OutFile Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET.dll
Add-Type -Path Microsoft.Windows.SDK.NET.dll

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  
  <actions>
    <input id="textBox" type="text"/>
    <action content="Send" activationType="system" arguments="dismiss" />
  </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$toast = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotification]::New($XmlDocument)

Register-ObjectEvent -InputObject $toast -EventName Activated -Action {
  Write-Host $Event.SourceArgs.Arguments
  Write-Host $Event.SourceArgs.UserInput.Value
}

[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager]::CreateToastNotifier().Show($toast)

マイクロソフトストアで最新のPowerShellをインストールできます
スクリーンショット 2022-08-19 125139.png

PowerShell 7.1 以前を使う場合

Invoke-WebRequest https://github.com/GitHub30/PoshWinRT/releases/download/1.2/PoshWinRT.dll -OutFile PoshWinRT.dll

$xml = @"
<toast>
  
  <visual>
    <binding template="ToastGeneric">
      <text>Hello World</text>
      <text>This is a simple toast message</text>
    </binding>
  </visual>
  
  <actions>
    <input id="textBox" type="text"/>
    <action content="Send" activationType="system" arguments="dismiss" />
  </actions>

</toast>
"@
$XmlDocument = [Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, Windows.Data.Xml.Dom.XmlDocument, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New()
$XmlDocument.loadXml($xml)
$toast = [Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotification, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::New($XmlDocument)

function WrapToastEvent {
  param($target, $eventName)

  Add-Type -Path PoshWinRT.dll
  $wrapper = new-object "PoshWinRT.EventWrapper[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotification,System.Object]"
  $wrapper.Register($target, $eventName)
}

Register-ObjectEvent -InputObject (WrapToastEvent $toast 'Activated') -EventName FireEvent -Action {
  Write-Host arguments:, $args[1].Result.arguments
  Write-Host textBox:, $args[1].Result.userinput['textBox']
}

$AppId = '{1AC14E77-02E7-4E5D-B744-2EB1AE5198B7}\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe'
[Windows.UI.Notifications.ToastNotificationManager, Windows.UI.Notifications, ContentType = WindowsRuntime]::CreateToastNotifier($AppId).Show($toast)

また、httpの画像を使用するにはSettingc:internetを含むAppIDを使用する必要があります。Microsoft.WindowsTerminal_8wekyb3d8bbwe!App など。ローカルの画像を使う場合は問題ありません。

マイクロソフトStoreでターミナルインストールできます。
image.png

References

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