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Bootstrap4でポップオーバー表示

More than 1 year has passed since last update.

概要

フロントフレームワークを使ってみたのでメモする。

静的な設置方法

スクリプトの実行が必要なのが少し残念ですね。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="ja">
<head>
  <!-- Required meta tags -->
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
  <title>BootStrap Sample</title>

  <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" crossorigin="anonymous">
</head>
<body>
  <div class="container">
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-12">
        <h3>通常版(ボタンを押すことで表示/非表示)</ph3>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary"
                data-toggle="popover" data-placement="left"
                title="popover title!"
                data-content="this is popover content.">
          show popover
        </button>

        <h3>適当なところをクリックして非表示できるようにする</h3>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary"
                data-toggle="popover" data-placement="left"
                title="popover title!"
                data-content="this is popover content."
                data-trigger="focus">
          show popover
        </button>
      </div>

    </div>
  </div>

  <!-- Optional JavaScript -->
  <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
  <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script>
    $('[data-toggle="popover"]').popover();
  </script>
</body>
</html>

※ 「data-trigger="focus"」があった方が使いやすそうですね。

動的に設置する

ボタン以外のところが押されても非表示になるよう「trigger:"focus"」を追加しています。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="ja">
<head>
  <!-- Required meta tags -->
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <title>BootStrap Sample</title>

  <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" crossorigin="anonymous">
</head>
<body>
  <div class="container">
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-12">
        <button type="button" class="btn m-1 btn-primary">Popover Btn</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn m-1 btn-secondary">Popover Btn</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn m-1 btn-info">Popover Btn</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn m-1 btn-success">Popover Btn</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn m-1 btn-warning">Popover Btn</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn m-1 btn-danger">Popover Btn</button>
    </div>
  </div>

  <!-- Optional JavaScript -->
  <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
  <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script>
    $('[type="button"]')
      .popover({
        placement: 'bottom',
        trigger  : 'focus',
        title    : 'popover title!',
        content  : 'this is popover message.'
      });
  </script>
</body>
</html>

実行してみる。
popover.png

動的に設置する(htmlコンテンツ)

セレクタを汎用的なものにしたら、スクリプト部分が共通化(使いまわし)できて便利かも♪

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="ja">
<head>
  <!-- Required meta tags -->
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <title>BootStrap Sample</title>

  <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" crossorigin="anonymous">
</head>
<body>
  <div class="container">
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-12 mb-5" id="popover">
        <button class="btn btn-primary">Html Popover</button>

        <!-- ↓ポップオーバーで表示するコンテンツ(spanの中は何でもOK) -->
        <span class="invisible">
          <figure class="figure">
            <img src="../img/sample1.png" class="figure-img img-fluid" alt="figure sample">
            <figcaption class="figure-caption">
              this is sample image.
            </figcaption>
          </figure>
        </span>
      </div>
  </div>

  <!-- Optional JavaScript -->
  <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
  <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
  <script>
    (function($){
      const e = $('#popover');
      $('button', e).popover({
        placement: 'bottom',
        trigger  : 'focus',
        title    : 'html popover!',
        content  : $('span', e).html(),
        html     : true
      });
    })(jQuery);
  </script>
</body>
</html>

実行してみる。
popover-html.png

以上

参考サイト

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