Java
Eclipse
Java9

Java9でeclipseを動かそうとしたらNoClassDefFoundErrorでこけた時の対処

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デスクトップのHDDをSSDに交換したので環境構築をしていた。
せっかくJava9が正式リリースされたし、Java9+eclipse4.7で環境を作ろうと思ったら起動時にこけた。

2017/12/5追記:

https://wiki.eclipse.org/Configure_Eclipse_for_Java_9

Users who install Eclipse Oxygen 4.7.1a are able to launch with Java 9 and get Java 9 support, and the configuration described below won't be necessary anymore. There might be cases which won't work, see item 3 below in that case.

とのことなので、eclipse4.7.1a以降をインストールしよう

2017/09/27追記:

https://wiki.eclipse.org/Configure_Eclipse_for_Java_9
--add-modules=ALL-SYSTEMを追加しろって書いてあった。
(2017/10/02)問題なく動いたので修正しました。

TL;DR

eclipse.iniの-vmargsに--add-modules=ALL-SYSTEMを追加する。

eclipse.ini
-vmargs
--add-modules=ALL-SYSTEM

環境

OS: Windows8.1 64bit
JDK: Java SE Development Kit 9
eclipse: Oxygen Release (4.7.0)

やったこと

JDKのインストール

-> デフォルトのまま

> java -version
java version "9"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 9+181)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 9+181, mixed mode)

eclipseのインストール

-> eclipse.iniに-vmでjdkのパスを設定

eclipse.ini
-vm
C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-9\bin\javaw.exe

ワークスペースを作って起動

-> エラーが出てこけた

.log
!SESSION 2017-09-24 20:47:30.135 -----------------------------------------------
eclipse.buildId=4.7.0.I20170612-0950
java.version=9
java.vendor=Oracle Corporation
BootLoader constants: OS=win32, ARCH=x86_64, WS=win32, NL=ja_JP
Framework arguments:  -product org.eclipse.epp.package.jee.product
Command-line arguments:  -os win32 -ws win32 -arch x86_64 -product org.eclipse.epp.package.jee.product

!ENTRY org.eclipse.osgi 4 0 2017-09-24 20:47:33.101
!MESSAGE Application error
!STACK 1
org.eclipse.e4.core.di.InjectionException: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/annotation/PostConstruct
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.di.InjectorImpl.internalMake(InjectorImpl.java:410)
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.di.InjectorImpl.make(InjectorImpl.java:318)
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.contexts.ContextInjectionFactory.make(ContextInjectionFactory.java:162)

...略...

Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/annotation/PostConstruct
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.di.InjectorImpl.inject(InjectorImpl.java:124)
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.di.InjectorImpl.internalMake(InjectorImpl.java:399)
    ... 23 more
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javax.annotation.PostConstruct cannot be found by org.eclipse.e4.core.di_1.6.100.v20170421-1418
    at org.eclipse.osgi.internal.loader.BundleLoader.findClassInternal(BundleLoader.java:433)
    at org.eclipse.osgi.internal.loader.BundleLoader.findClass(BundleLoader.java:395)
    at org.eclipse.osgi.internal.loader.BundleLoader.findClass(BundleLoader.java:387)
    at org.eclipse.osgi.internal.loader.ModuleClassLoader.loadClass(ModuleClassLoader.java:150)
    at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:496)
    ... 25 more

!ENTRY org.eclipse.e4.ui.workbench 4 0 2017-09-24 20:47:33.117
!MESSAGE FrameworkEvent ERROR
!STACK 0
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/annotation/PreDestroy
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.di.InjectorImpl.disposed(InjectorImpl.java:450)
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.di.Requestor.disposed(Requestor.java:156)
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.contexts.ContextObjectSupplier$ContextInjectionListener.update(ContextObjectSupplier.java:78)
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.contexts.TrackableComputationExt.update(TrackableComputationExt.java:111)
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.contexts.TrackableComputationExt.handleInvalid(TrackableComputationExt.java:74)
    at org.eclipse.e4.core.internal.contexts.EclipseContext.dispose(EclipseContext.java:178)

...略...

Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javax.annotation.PreDestroy cannot be found by org.eclipse.e4.core.di_1.6.100.v20170421-1418
    at org.eclipse.osgi.internal.loader.BundleLoader.findClassInternal(BundleLoader.java:433)
    at org.eclipse.osgi.internal.loader.BundleLoader.findClass(BundleLoader.java:395)
    at org.eclipse.osgi.internal.loader.BundleLoader.findClass(BundleLoader.java:387)
    at org.eclipse.osgi.internal.loader.ModuleClassLoader.loadClass(ModuleClassLoader.java:150)
    at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:496)
    ... 21 more

eclipse.iniの-vmargsに--add-modules=ALL-SYSTEMを追加した

eclipse.ini
    -vmargs
    -Dosgi.requiredJavaVersion=1.8
    -Dosgi.instance.area.default=@user.home/eclipse-workspace
    -XX:+UseG1GC
    -XX:+UseStringDeduplication
    -Dosgi.requiredJavaVersion=1.8
    -Xms256m
    -Xmx1024m
    -Declipse.p2.max.threads=10
    -Doomph.update.url=http://download.eclipse.org/oomph/updates/milestone/latest
    -Doomph.redirection.index.redirection=index:/->http://git.eclipse.org/c/oomph/org.eclipse.oomph.git/plain/setups/
+   --add-modules=ALL-SYSTEM

-> 起動した やったね

参考

https://wiki.eclipse.org/Configure_Eclipse_for_Java_9
https://www.eclipse.org/eclipse/news/4.6/platform.php#java-9
https://issues.jboss.org/browse/JBIDE-22417?focusedCommentId=13310535&page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels%3Acomment-tabpanel&_sscc=t#comment-13310535