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Object.keysの型がstring[]になってしまう問題の対策

問題

以下のようなコードを書くと、data[key]でエラーになる。

const data = {
    apple: 'ringo',
    organge: 'mikan',
    pear: 'nashi'
}

const rows = Object.keys(data).map((key) => {
    return { key, value: data[key] }
})
Element implicitly has an 'any' type because expression of type 'string' can't be used to index type '{ apple: string; organge: string; pear: string; }'.
  No index signature with a parameter of type 'string' was found on type '{ apple: string; organge: string; pear: string; }'.

理由

Object.keysの返り値がstring[]になるけど、data[key]したときにdataのindexが列挙型なので、stringと不一致するため。

対策

keyofを使うといい。

type Data = {
    apple: string,
    orange: string,
    pear: string
}
const data: Data = {
    apple: 'ringo',
    orange: 'mikan',
    pear: 'nashi'
}

const rows = (Object.keys(data) as (keyof Data)[]).map((key) => {
    return { key, value: data[key] }
})

keyofで指定した型のキーを列挙した型を返してくれる。
Object.keys(data) as (keyof Data)することで、dataのキーの列挙型が帰ってくるので、それを配列にしてから.mapに渡せばkeyが列挙型になりエラーにならなくなるという

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Help us understand the problem. What are the problem?