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Help us understand the problem. What is going on with this article?

ライブラリを使わずにPDFを分析してみた(自分用)

More than 1 year has passed since last update.

Passなし Encryptionありの Rev=3. RC4(40bit or 128bit) × /FlateDecode に対応。
(平文未動確)

画面キャプチャ

https://www.adobe.com/content/dam/acom/en/devnet/pdf/PDF32000_2008.pdf
を読み込ませた結果

image.png

参考

ソースコード

処理がかなり雑です。というか正常な手順を踏まずにデータ解析処理してますので真似はしないでください。

RC4は別途: https://qiita.com/kob58im/items/e20e35d9b11f39ce5da5

バグあり:オブジェクトの外まで検索してしまっている箇所が残っていそう。
誤った子ノードを探してしまい、無限に再帰するケースがある。
暫定処置で再帰の深さを制限している。

PdfStructViewer.cs
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.Compression;
//using System.Reflection;
//using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Text;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Security.Cryptography; // MD5CryptoServiceProvider

using MyUtil;


class PdfStructViewer : Form
{
    ListView lsv;
    TreeView trv;
    SplitContainer spl;
    SplitContainer splL;
    SplitContainer splR;
    RichTextBox rtxt;   // object view
    RichTextBox rtxtSt; // stream...endstream

    FileStream _pdfFs;
    MD5CryptoServiceProvider _md5sp;
    byte[] _baseKey;
    int[] _xref;
    int _rootObjRef;
    bool _lsvEventByProgram;

    class PageObjId
    {
        public int idContents;
        public int idResources;
        public PageObjId()
        {
            idContents = -1;
            idResources = -1;
        }
    }

    PdfStructViewer(string path)
    {
        Text = "PDF Struct viewer";
        ClientSize = new Size(700,500);

        spl = new SplitContainer();
        spl.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        spl.Orientation = Orientation.Vertical;
        Controls.Add(spl);


        splL = new SplitContainer();
        splL.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        splL.Orientation = Orientation.Horizontal;
        spl.Panel1.Controls.Add(splL);

        splR = new SplitContainer();
        splR.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        splR.Orientation = Orientation.Horizontal;
        spl.Panel2.Controls.Add(splR);


        lsv = new ListView();
        lsv.View = View.Details;
        lsv.FullRowSelect = true;
        lsv.HideSelection = false;
        lsv.MultiSelect = false;
        lsv.GridLines = true;
        lsv.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        lsv.Columns.Add("No.",     100, HorizontalAlignment.Left);
        lsv.Columns.Add("Address", 400, HorizontalAlignment.Left);
        splL.Panel1.Controls.Add(lsv);

        trv = new TreeView();
        trv.HideSelection = false;
        trv.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        splL.Panel2.Controls.Add(trv);


        rtxt = new RichTextBox();
        rtxt.ReadOnly = true;
        rtxt.Multiline = true;
        rtxt.WordWrap = false;
        rtxt.ScrollBars = RichTextBoxScrollBars.Both;
        rtxt.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        splR.Panel1.Controls.Add(rtxt);


        rtxtSt = new RichTextBox();
        rtxtSt.ReadOnly = true;
        rtxtSt.Multiline = true;
        rtxtSt.WordWrap = false;
        rtxtSt.ScrollBars = RichTextBoxScrollBars.Both;
        rtxtSt.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        splR.Panel2.Controls.Add(rtxtSt);


        // -----------------
        ParsePdfStruct(path);
        ParseTreeFromRoot();

        lsv.SelectedIndexChanged += Lsv_SelectedIndexChanged;
        trv.AfterSelect += Trv_AfterSelect;
    }

    void Trv_AfterSelect(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        TreeNode node = trv.SelectedNode;
        if (node==null){return;}
        int id = (int)node.Tag;

        _lsvEventByProgram = true;
        try{
            lsv.Items[id].Selected = true;
            lsv.EnsureVisible(id);
        }
        finally{
            _lsvEventByProgram = false;
        }
    }

    void Lsv_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        var items = lsv.SelectedItems;
        if ( !_lsvEventByProgram ) {trv.SelectedNode = null;}
        if ( items.Count != 1 ) {
            return;
        }
        ListViewItem item = items[0];
        Console.WriteLine(item.SubItems[0].Text);

        int addr = Convert.ToInt32(item.SubItems[1].Text.Substring(2),16);

        _pdfFs.Position = addr;
        string objData = GetPreviewData(_pdfFs);
        rtxt.Text = objData;


        _pdfFs.Position = addr;
        byte[] streamData = ParseStreamBlock(_pdfFs, _baseKey, _md5sp);
        rtxtSt.Text = ConvertBytesToString(streamData);
    }


    TreeNode MakeTreeNode(string name, int id)
    {
        return MakeTreeNode(name, id, 0);
    }
    TreeNode MakeTreeNode(string name, int id, int pageOffset)
    {
        string pageInfo = "";
        if(pageOffset>0){pageInfo="("+pageOffset.ToString()+")";}
        TreeNode node = new TreeNode("["+id.ToString()+"]"+name + pageInfo);
        node.Tag = id;
        return node;
    }

    int _tmpCallDepth;
    void ParseTreeFromRoot()
    {
        TreeNode rootNode = MakeTreeNode("Root", _rootObjRef);
        trv.Nodes.Add(rootNode);

        var rootDict = ParseRootObj(_pdfFs, _xref[_rootObjRef]);

        int objRef = (int)rootDict["/Pages"];
        TreeNode pagesNode = MakeTreeNode("Pages", objRef);
        rootNode.Nodes.Add(pagesNode);

        _tmpCallDepth = 0;
        ParseKidsRecursive(pagesNode, objRef, 1);
    }


    int ParseKidsRecursive(TreeNode parentNode, int parentId, int pageOffset)
    {
        int pageCount = 0;
        _tmpCallDepth++;

        if ( _tmpCallDepth <= 7 ) {
            PageObjId contentId;
            int[] pagesKids = ParsePagesObj(_pdfFs, _xref[parentId], out pageCount, out contentId);
            if (contentId.idContents>=0) {
                TreeNode pageNode = MakeTreeNode("Contents", contentId.idContents);
                parentNode.Nodes.Add(pageNode);
            }
            if (contentId.idResources>=0) {
                TreeNode pageNode = MakeTreeNode("Resources", contentId.idResources);
                parentNode.Nodes.Add(pageNode);
            }
            foreach(int subObjRef in pagesKids ) {
                TreeNode pageNode = MakeTreeNode("Kids", subObjRef, pageOffset);
                parentNode.Nodes.Add(pageNode);
                pageOffset += ParseKidsRecursive(pageNode, subObjRef, pageOffset);
            }
        }
        else{
            Console.WriteLine("Skipped:"+parentId.ToString());
        }

        _tmpCallDepth--;
        return pageCount;
    }

    void ParsePdfStruct(string path)
    {
        _pdfFs = new FileStream(path, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);

        int trailerAddr;
        long pos = GetXRefAddress(_pdfFs, out trailerAddr, 500);
        Console.WriteLine("xref address: 0x" + pos.ToString("X"));

        _xref = ParseXRefTable(_pdfFs, (int)pos);
        var trailerDict = ParseTrailer(_pdfFs, trailerAddr);

        lsv.BeginUpdate();
        try{
            lsv.Items.Clear();
            for(int i=0;i<_xref.Length;i++){
                lsv.Items.Add(new ListViewItem(new string[]{i.ToString(),"0x"+_xref[i].ToString("X")}));
            }
        }
        finally{
            lsv.EndUpdate();
        }

        _baseKey = null;
        _md5sp = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();


        if (trailerDict.ContainsKey("/Encrypt")) {
            byte[] id = (byte[])trailerDict["/ID"];
            int encObjNum = (int)trailerDict["/Encrypt"];
            Console.Write("Encrypt obj num:");
            Console.WriteLine(encObjNum.ToString());
            _pdfFs.Position = _xref[encObjNum];
            Dictionary<string, object> encryptionDict;
            ParseEncryptObj(_pdfFs, out encryptionDict);

            _baseKey = CalcBaseKey(encryptionDict, id, _md5sp);
        }

        _rootObjRef = (int)trailerDict["/Root"];

        //DumpIntArrayWithIndex(pagesKids,false);
    }


    // read /-?[0-9]+/ in binary
    // てきとう
    static bool ReadIntegerDigits(FileStream fs, out long digits)
    {
        var sb = new StringBuilder();
        int b = fs.ReadByte();
        bool retCode = false;
        if ( b == '-' ) {
            sb.Append((char)b);
            b = fs.ReadByte();
        }

        if ( IsDigit(b) ) {
            retCode = true;
        }

        do {
            sb.Append((char)b);
            b = fs.ReadByte();
        }
        while( IsDigit(b) );

        if ( b >= 0 ) { // EOFでなければ1文字戻す
            fs.Position--;
        }

        string s = sb.ToString();
        if (retCode) {
            digits = Convert.ToInt64(s);
        }
        else {
            digits = 0;
        }
        return retCode;
    }

    // read /\/[A-Za-z_][A-Za-z0-9]*/ in binary
    // てきとう
    static bool ReadKeyword(FileStream fs, out string ret)
    {
        var sb = new StringBuilder();
        int b = fs.ReadByte();

        if ( b == '/' ) {
            sb.Append((char)b);
        }
        else {
            if ( b >= 0 ) { // EOFでなければ1文字戻す
                fs.Position--;
            }
            ret = null;
            return false;
        }

        b = fs.ReadByte();
        if ( IsAlphabet(b) ) {
            sb.Append((char)b);
        }
        else {
            ret = null;
            return false;
        }

        b = fs.ReadByte();
        while ( IsAlphabet(b) || IsDigit(b) ) {
            sb.Append((char)b);
            b = fs.ReadByte();
        }

        if ( b >= 0 ) { // EOFでなければ1文字戻す
            fs.Position--;
        }

        ret = sb.ToString();

        return true;
    }

    // read /([ \t\r\n]+|\b)/
    // 空白文字を読み捨てる
    static bool ReadSpaces(FileStream fs)
    {
        int b;
        do {
            b = fs.ReadByte();
        } while ( b ==' ' || b =='\t' || b=='\r' || b=='\n' );

        if ( b>=0 ) { // EOFでなければ1文字戻す
            fs.Position--;
        }
        return true;
    }

    static bool ReadFixedSequence(FileStream fs, string s)
    {
        byte[] a = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(s); // expected data

        for(int i=0;i<a.Length;i++) {
            int b = fs.ReadByte();
            if ( b != a[i] ) {
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

    // read postscript string object (...) in binary
    // e.g.:
    //  (xxx)
    //  (xxx(xxx)xxx)
    //  (xxx\)xxx)
    static bool ReadPsString(FileStream fs, out byte[] ret)
    {
        int nCount = 0;// Count of open '('
        bool escape = false;
        var t = new List<byte>();

        int b = fs.ReadByte();
        if ( b != '(' ) {
            if ( b>=0 ) { // EOFでなければ1文字戻す
                fs.Position--;
            }
            ret = null;
            return false;
        }

        nCount++;
        while ( nCount > 0 ) {
            b = fs.ReadByte();
            if ( b < 0 ) { // EOF
                ret = null;
                return false;
            }
            if (!escape) {
                switch(b) {
                    case '(':
                        nCount++;
                        t.Add((byte)b);
                        break;
                    case ')':
                        nCount--;
                        if ( nCount > 0 ) { t.Add((byte)b); }
                        break;
                    case '\\':
                        escape = true;
                        break;
                    default:
                        t.Add((byte)b);
                        break;
                }
            }
            else {
                escape = false;
                // \000 - \377 がケアできていない
                switch(b) {
                    case 't': t.Add((byte)'\t'); break;
                    case 'r': t.Add((byte)'\r'); break;
                    case 'n': t.Add((byte)'\n'); break;
                    case 'b': t.Add((byte)'\b'); break;
                    case 'f': t.Add((byte)'\f'); break;
                    default:  t.Add((byte)b);    break;
                }
            }
        }
        ret = t.ToArray();
        return true;
    }

    // 未実装: read /<([ \r\n\t]*[0-9A-Fa-f]{2}[ \r\n\t]*)*>/ in binary
    // read /<([0-9A-Fa-f]{2})+>/ in binary
    static bool ReadHexString(FileStream fs, out byte[] ret)
    {
        int b1 = fs.ReadByte();
        if ( b1 != '<' ) {
            if ( b1>=0 ) { // EOFでなければ1文字戻す
                fs.Position--;
            }
            ret = null;
            return false;
        }

        var t = new List<byte>();

        while ( true ) {
            b1 = fs.ReadByte();
            if ( b1 == '>' ) { // end mark (正常終了)
                break;
            }
            if ( b1 < 0 ) { ret = null; return false; } // EOF

            int b2 = fs.ReadByte();

            if ( b2 < 0 ) { ret = null; return false; } // EOF

            int x = DecodeHexChar(b1, b2);
            if (x < 0) { // invalid format
                ret = null;
                return false; 
            }

            t.Add((byte)x);
        }
        ret = t.ToArray();
        return true;
    }

    static bool ReadPsOrHexString(FileStream fs, out byte[] ret)
    {
        ret = null;
        int b = fs.ReadByte();

        if ( b >= 0 ) {fs.Position--;}
        if ( b == '(') {
            return ReadPsString(fs, out ret);
        }
        else if (b=='<') {
            return ReadHexString(fs, out ret);
        }
        else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    static bool IsSpacerChar(int x) { return (x==' ')||(x=='\t')||(x=='\r')||(x=='\n'); }
    static bool IsDigit(int x) { return  ('0'<= x && x <='9'); }
    static bool IsAlphabet(int x) { return  ('A'<= x && x <='Z') || ('a'<= x && x <='z'); }

    static bool IsPrintableChar(byte b)
    {
        if (b=='\t'||b=='\n'||b=='\n'){return true;}
        if (0x20<=b && b<=0x7E){return true;}
        return false;
    }

    static int DecodeHexChar(int x)
    {
        if ('0'<= x && x <='9') {return  x-'0';}
        if ('A'<= x && x <='F') {return (x-'A')+10;}
        if ('a'<= x && x <='f') {return (x-'a')+10;}
        return -1;
    }
    static int DecodeHexChar(int x1, int x2)
    {
        x1 = DecodeHexChar(x1);
        if ( x1 < 0 ) {return -1;}
        x2 = DecodeHexChar(x2);
        if ( x2 < 0 ) {return -1;}
        return (x1<<4) | x2;
    }

    static string ConvertBytesToString(byte[] data)
    {
        if (data==null){return "";}

        var sb = new StringBuilder(data.Length);
        foreach(byte b in data){
            if (IsPrintableChar(b)){
                sb.Append((char)b);
            }
            else {
                sb.Append('?');
            }
        }
        return sb.ToString();
    }


    static bool ParseEncryptObj(FileStream fs, out Dictionary<string, object> dict)
    {
        dict = null;

        long objId;
        long genId;
        bool retCode;

        if (!ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out objId)){return false;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);
        if (!ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out genId)){return false;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);
        if (!ReadFixedSequence(fs, "obj")){return false;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);
        if (!ReadFixedSequence(fs, "<<")){return false;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);

        dict = new Dictionary<string, object>();
        dict["/Length"] = 40;
        while (true) {
            string kwd;
            retCode = ReadKeyword(fs, out kwd);
            if ( !retCode ) {
                break;
            }
            Console.Write(kwd??"null");
            Console.Write(" ");

            ReadSpaces(fs);
            switch (kwd) {
                case "/Filter":
                    {
                        string kwd2;
                        if (!ReadKeyword(fs, out kwd2)){
                            return false;
                        }
                        Console.WriteLine(kwd2??"null");
                        dict[kwd] = kwd2;
                        ReadSpaces(fs);
                    }
                    break;
                case "/V":
                case "/R":
                case "/P":
                case "/Length":
                    {
                        long numValue;
                        if(!ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out numValue)){
                            return false;
                        }
                        if (kwd == "/Length" && (numValue<40 || numValue%8!=0) ) {
                            return false;
                        }
                        Console.WriteLine(numValue);
                        dict[kwd] = numValue;
                        ReadSpaces(fs);
                    }
                    break;
                case "/O":
                case "/U":
                    {
                        byte[] content;
                        if(!ReadPsOrHexString(fs, out content)){
                            return false;
                        }
                        dict[kwd] = content;
                        ReadSpaces(fs);
                        Console.Write("#");
                        Console.WriteLine(content.Length);
                        if (content.Length != 32) {
                            return false;
                        }
                    }
                    break;
                default:
                    break;
            }
        }

        if (!dict.ContainsKey("/O")) { return false; }
        if (!dict.ContainsKey("/P")) { return false; }
        if (!dict.ContainsKey("/R")) { return false; }

        return true;
    }

    static byte[] Int32ToBytesLE(uint x)
    {
        byte[] a = new byte[4];
        a[0] = (byte)( x      & 0xFF);
        a[1] = (byte)((x>>8)  & 0xFF);
        a[2] = (byte)((x>>16) & 0xFF);
        a[3] = (byte)((x>>24) & 0xFF);
        return a;
    }


    static byte[] CalcBaseKey(Dictionary<string, object> encryptDict, byte[] id, MD5CryptoServiceProvider md5sp)
    {
        if (id.Length != 16) {return null;}

        byte[] pswdPadding = new byte[]{
            0x28, 0xBF, 0x4E, 0x5E, 0x4E, 0x75, 0x8A, 0x41,  0x64, 0x00, 0x4E, 0x56, 0xFF, 0xFA, 0x01, 0x08,
            0x2E, 0x2E, 0x00, 0xB6, 0xD0, 0x68, 0x3E, 0x80,  0x2F, 0x0C, 0xA9, 0xFE, 0x64, 0x53, 0x69, 0x7A
        };

        // 32 + O 32 + P 4 + ID 16
        byte[] data = new byte[200];
        int pos = 0;
        int n = 0;

        n = pswdPadding.Length;
        Array.Copy(pswdPadding, 0, data, pos, n);
        pos += n;

        n = 32;
        Array.Copy((byte[])encryptDict["/O"], 0, data, pos, n);
        pos += n;

        n = 4;
        Array.Copy(Int32ToBytesLE((uint)(long)encryptDict["/P"]), 0, data, pos, n);
        pos += n;

        n = 16;//id.Length;
        Array.Copy(id, 0, data, pos, n);
        pos += n;

        Array.Resize(ref data, pos);

        byte[] baseKey = md5sp.ComputeHash(data);

        for (int i=0;i<50;i++) {
            Array.Resize(ref baseKey, (int)(long)encryptDict["/Length"]/8);
            baseKey = md5sp.ComputeHash(baseKey);
        }

        Array.Resize(ref baseKey, (int)(long)encryptDict["/Length"]/8);

        return baseKey;
    }


    static byte[] CalcObjKey(byte[] baseKey, uint objId, uint genId, MD5CryptoServiceProvider md5sp)
    {
        //byte[] sAlT = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("sAlT"); // AES使用時
        byte[] data = new byte[baseKey.Length+5];//+sAlT.Length];
        int pos=0;
        int n;

        n = baseKey.Length;
        Array.Copy(baseKey,0,data,pos,n);
        pos += n;

        n = 3;
        Array.Copy(Int32ToBytesLE(objId),0,data,pos,n);
        pos += n;

        n = 2;
        Array.Copy(Int32ToBytesLE(genId),0,data,pos,n);
        pos += n;

        //n = sAlT.Length;
        //Array.Copy(sAlT,0,data,pos,n);
        //pos += n;

        //Console.Write("objkey before hash:");
        //DumpByteArray(data,data.Length);

        byte[] objKey = md5sp.ComputeHash(data); // 16byte

        if ( objKey.Length > baseKey.Length + 5 ) {
            Array.Resize(ref objKey, baseKey.Length + 5);
        }

        Console.Write("ObjKeyLen:");
        Console.WriteLine(objKey.Length);

        return objKey;
    }


    static int GetXRefAddress(FileStream fs, out int trailerAddress, int searchBytesLen)
    {
        byte[] buf = new byte[searchBytesLen];

        fs.Seek(-searchBytesLen, SeekOrigin.End);
        long tmpPos = fs.Position;
        int n = fs.Read(buf, 0, buf.Length);

        int iEof = SearchBackward(buf, "%%EOF");
        int iStartXref = SearchBackward(buf, "startxref");
        trailerAddress = SearchBackward(buf, "trailer");
        if (trailerAddress>=0) {trailerAddress += (int)tmpPos;}

        if ( iEof >= 0 && iStartXref >= 0 && iEof >= iStartXref ) {
            iStartXref += "startxref".Length;
            if (buf[iStartXref]=='\r') {
                iStartXref++;
            }
            if (buf[iStartXref]=='\n') {
                iStartXref++;
            }
        }
        else {
            return -1;
        }

        return ParseBufferInt32(buf, iStartXref);
    }

    // 負数非対応
    static int ParseBufferInt32(byte[] buf, int index)
    {
        var sb = new StringBuilder();
        while( index<buf.Length && IsDigit(buf[index]) ) {
            sb.Append((char)buf[index]);
            index++;
        }
        string s = sb.ToString();
        if (s.Length==0){return -1;}

        return Convert.ToInt32(s);
    }


    static int[] ParseXRefTable(FileStream fs, int headPos)
    {
        int[] offsetTable;
        fs.Position = headPos + 4; // +4 : length of "xref"

        bool retCode;
        long n;

        {
            long startIndex;
            ReadSpaces(fs);
            retCode = ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out startIndex);
            if ( !retCode || startIndex != 0 ) {
                Console.WriteLine("not supported xref data.");
                return null;
            }
            ReadSpaces(fs);
            retCode = ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out n);
            if (n <= 0) {
                Console.WriteLine("not supported xref data.");
                return null;
            }
        }

        offsetTable = new int[n];

        ReadSpaces(fs);
        for (int i=0;i<n;i++) {
            long pos;
            long genId;
            retCode = ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out pos);
            if ( !retCode || pos<0 ) { return null; }
            offsetTable[i] = (int)pos;
            ReadSpaces(fs);

            retCode = ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out genId);
            if ( !retCode || genId<0 ) { return null; }
            ReadSpaces(fs);

            int b = fs.ReadByte();
            if ( b!='n' && b!='f' ) {
                return null;
            }
            ReadSpaces(fs);
        }

        return offsetTable;
    }


    static int[] ParsePagesObj(FileStream fs, int pagesPos, out int pageCount, out PageObjId subObjIds)
    {
        //var dict = new Dictionary<string,object>();
        pageCount = 1;
        subObjIds = new PageObjId();
        const int BufSize = 1000;
        byte[] buf = new byte[BufSize];

        fs.Position = pagesPos;
        int n = fs.Read(buf, 0, buf.Length);
        if (n<=0) {return null;}
        Array.Resize(ref buf, n);

        int endobjPos = Search(buf, 0, "endobj");
        if (endobjPos >= 0){
            Array.Resize(ref buf, endobjPos+"endobj".Length);
        }

        //  /Kids[nnnnn 0 R nnnnn 0 R ...]

        int[] ret = new int[0];
        {
            const string KeyName = "/Kids";
            int iKids = Search(buf, 0, KeyName);
            if (iKids>=0) {
                iKids += KeyName.Length;
                while ( IsSpacerChar(buf[iKids]) ) {
                    iKids++;
                }
                if (buf[iKids]=='[') {
                    iKids++;

                    int iRight = Search(buf, iKids, "]");
                    if (iRight >= iKids+1) {
                        string s = Encoding.ASCII.GetString(buf,iKids,iRight-iKids);
                        //Console.WriteLine(s);
                        Regex r = new Regex(@"([0-9]+)[ \r\n\t]+([0-9]+)[ \r\n\t]+R\b");
                        MatchCollection mc = r.Matches(s);
                        ret = new int[mc.Count];
                        for(int i=0;i<mc.Count;i++) {
                            ret[i] = Convert.ToInt32(mc[i].Groups[1].Value);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        int tmp;
        if ( FindUIntOfKeyInBuffer(buf, "/Count", out tmp) ) {
            pageCount = tmp;
        }
        if ( FindUIntOfKeyInBuffer(buf, "/Contents", out tmp) ) {
            subObjIds.idContents = tmp;
        }
        if ( FindUIntOfKeyInBuffer(buf, "/Resources", out tmp) ) {
            subObjIds.idResources = tmp;
        }

        return ret;
    }


    static Dictionary<string,object> ParseRootObj(FileStream fs, int pagesPos)
    {
        var dict = new Dictionary<string,object>();
        const int BufSize = 1000;
        byte[] buf = new byte[BufSize];

        fs.Position = pagesPos;
        int n = fs.Read(buf, 0, buf.Length);
        if (n<=0) {return null;}
        Array.Resize(ref buf, n);

        int tmp;
        if ( FindUIntOfKeyInBuffer(buf, "/Pages", out tmp) ) {
            dict["/Pages"] = tmp;
        }

        return dict;
    }

    static Dictionary<string,object> ParseTrailer(FileStream fs, int trailerPos)
    {
        if (trailerPos<0){return null;}
        var dict = new Dictionary<string,object>();

        const int BufSize = 1000;
        byte[] buf = new byte[BufSize];
        //Console.WriteLine(trailerPos.ToString("X"));
        fs.Position = trailerPos;

        int n = fs.Read(buf, 0, buf.Length);
        if (n<=0) {return null;}
        Array.Resize(ref buf, n);

        int tmp;
        if ( FindUIntOfKeyInBuffer(buf, "/Encrypt", out tmp) ) {
            dict["/Encrypt"] = tmp;
        } else {
            Console.WriteLine("enc not found");
        }
        if ( FindUIntOfKeyInBuffer(buf, "/Root", out tmp) ) {
            dict["/Root"] = tmp;
        }
        if ( FindUIntOfKeyInBuffer(buf, "/Info", out tmp) ) {
            dict["/Info"] = tmp;
        }

        {
            const string KeyName = "/ID";
            int iID = Search(buf, 0, KeyName);
            if ( iID >= 0 ) { // /ID [<HexStr>
                iID += KeyName.Length;
                while ( IsSpacerChar(buf[iID]) ) {
                    iID++;
                }
                if (buf[iID]=='['){iID++;}

                byte[] idData1;
                fs.Position = trailerPos + iID;
                bool retCode = ReadHexString(fs, out idData1);
                if (retCode) {
                    dict[KeyName] = idData1;
                }
                else{
                    Console.WriteLine("id parse failed");
                }
            }
            else{
                Console.WriteLine("id not found");
            }
        }

        return dict;
    }

    static bool FindUIntOfKeyInBuffer(byte[] buf, string keyName, out int ret)
    {
        int index = Search(buf, 0, keyName);
        if (index>=0) {
            index += keyName.Length;
            while ( IsSpacerChar(buf[index]) ) {
                index++;
            }
            ret = ParseBufferInt32(buf, index);
            if (ret>=0) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        ret = -1;
        return false;
    }

    static int Search(byte[] data, int startI, string s)
    {
        if (s == "") {return -1;}
        byte[] w = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(s);
        int pos = 0;

        int i = startI;
        while ( i < data.Length ) {
            if ( data[i] == w[pos] ) {
                pos++;
                i++;
                if ( pos == w.Length) {
                    return i-w.Length;
                }
            }
            else {
                i -= pos;
                i++;
                pos = 0;
            }
        }
        return -1;
    }

    static int SearchBackward(byte[] data, string s)
    {
        if (s == "") {return -1;}
        byte[] w = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(s);
        int pos = 0;

        int i = data.Length-1;
        while ( i >= 0 ) {
            if ( data[i] == w[(w.Length-1)-pos] ) {
                pos++;
                if ( pos == w.Length) {
                    return i;
                }
                i--;
            }
            else {
                i += pos-1;
                pos = 0;
            }
        }
        return -1;
    }

    static byte[] ParseStreamBlock(FileStream fs, byte[] baseKey, MD5CryptoServiceProvider md5sp)
    {
        //nnnn 0 obj <</Filter/FlateDecode/Length
        var dict = new Dictionary<string,object>();

        long objId;
        long genId;
        bool retCode;
        if ( !ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out objId) ) {return null;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);
        if ( !ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out genId) ) {return null;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);
        if ( !ReadFixedSequence(fs, "obj") ) {return null;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);
        if ( !ReadFixedSequence(fs, "<<") ) {return null;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);

        while (true) {
            string kwd;
            retCode = ReadKeyword(fs, out kwd);
            if ( !retCode ) {
                break;
            }
            //Console.Write(kwd??"null");
            //Console.Write(" ");

            ReadSpaces(fs);
            switch (kwd) {
                case "/Filter":
                    {
                        string kwd2;
                        if (!ReadKeyword(fs, out kwd2)) {
                            return null;
                        }
                        //Console.WriteLine(kwd2??"null");
                        dict[kwd] = kwd2;
                        ReadSpaces(fs);
                    }
                    break;
                case "/Length":
                case "/Length1":
                    {
                        long numValue;
                        if (!ReadIntegerDigits(fs, out numValue)) {
                            return null;
                        }
                        dict[kwd] = numValue;
                        //Console.WriteLine(numValue);
                        ReadSpaces(fs);
                    }
                    break;
                default:
                    {
                        // 未知のパラメータ
                        return null;
                    }
                    //break;
            }
        }
        if (!ReadFixedSequence(fs, ">>")){return null;}
        ReadSpaces(fs);
        if (!ReadFixedSequence(fs, "stream")){return null;}
        ReadSpaces(fs); // <-- 読み捨てるべきではないデータも読み捨ててしまいそう

        if ( !dict.ContainsKey("/Length") ){return null;}
        int length = (int)(long)dict["/Length"];

        byte[] decrypted;
        if ( baseKey == null ) { // no encryption
            decrypted = new Byte[length];
            fs.Read(decrypted,0,length);
        }
        else {
            decrypted = DecryptStream(fs, baseKey, (int)objId, (int)genId, length, md5sp);
        }

        byte[] ret;
        if ( dict.ContainsKey("/Filter") && (string)dict["/Filter"] == "/FlateDecode" ) {
            ret = new byte[0];
            using (var ms = new MemoryStream(decrypted)) {
                int header1 = ms.ReadByte();
                int header2 = ms.ReadByte();
                if ( header1 < 0 || header2 < 0 ) { return null; }
                if ( (header1 & 0x0F) != 0x08 ) { return null; }
                if ( ((header1<<8) + header2) % 31 != 0 ) { return null; }

                byte[] buffer = new byte[1000];
                using (DeflateStream ds = new DeflateStream(ms, CompressionMode.Decompress)) {
                    while (true) {
                        int nRead;
                        try{
                            nRead = ds.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
                        }
                        catch(Exception e) {
                            Console.WriteLine(e);
                            return null;
                        }

                        if (nRead <= 0) {
                            break;
                        }
                        int nSize = ret.Length;
                        Array.Resize(ref ret, nSize + nRead);
                        Array.Copy(buffer, 0, ret, nSize, nRead);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        else {
            ret = decrypted;
        }
        return ret;
    }


    static byte[] DecryptStream(FileStream fs, byte[] baseKey, int objId, int genId, int length, MD5CryptoServiceProvider md5sp)
    {
        byte[] objKey = CalcObjKey(baseKey, (uint)objId, (uint)genId, md5sp);
        //Console.WriteLine(objKey.Length);

        byte[] buf = new byte[length];
        fs.Read(buf,0,length);

        byte[] plain = new byte[length];

        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(buf))
        using (MemoryStream msDest = new MemoryStream(plain))
        {
            Arcfour arcfour = Arcfour.CreateArcfour(objKey);

            arcfour.Encrypt(ms, msDest, buf.Length);//decrypt
        }

        //Console.Write("mod31: ");
        //Console.WriteLine((plain[0]*256 + plain[1])%31);
        //DumpByteArray(plain,50);

        return plain;
    }

    // endobjが見つかるまでのデータをASCIIにして出力。(単語単位では検索してないのでよくない)
    // 可読でない文字は ? に置き換える。
    // stream...endstreamはそのまま出力。
    static string GetPreviewData(FileStream fs)
    {
        const int MaxBufSize = 1000;
        byte[] buf = new byte[MaxBufSize];
        byte[] endobj = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("endobj");
        int n = fs.Read(buf,0,buf.Length);

        if ( n < endobj.Length ) {
            return "";
        }

        var sb = new StringBuilder(n);
        int pos = 0;
        for ( int i=0 ; i<n ; i++ ) {
            if ( IsPrintableChar(buf[i]) ) {
                sb.Append((char)buf[i]);
            }
            else {
                sb.Append('?');
            }

            if ( buf[i] == endobj[pos] ) {
                pos++;
                if ( pos == endobj.Length ) {
                    break;
                }
            }
            else {
                // たまたま "endobj" を構成する文字がすべて別の文字なので、検索アンマッチ時は単純に pos=0に戻しているだけでよいが、
                // "aab"とかだと "aaab"から検索していると"aa"のあと"ab"から検索が始まってとりこぼすおそれがある。
                pos = 0;
            }
        }
        return sb.ToString();
    }


    [STAThread]
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        if ( args.Length != 1 ) {
            Console.WriteLine("Argument error.");
            return;
        }

        Application.Run(new PdfStructViewer(args[0]));

    }

    static void DumpIntArrayWithIndex(int[] a, bool hex)
    {
        DumpIntArrayWithIndex(a,0,a.Length-1,hex);
    }

    static void DumpIntArrayWithIndex(int[] a, int fromI, int endI, bool hex)
    {
        if (fromI<0){fromI=0;}
        for(int i=fromI;i<a.Length&&i<=endI;i++) {
            Console.Write(i.ToString());
            if (hex) {
                Console.Write(": 0x");
                Console.WriteLine(a[i].ToString("X"));
            }
            else {
                Console.Write(": ");
                Console.WriteLine(a[i].ToString(""));
            }
        }
    }


    static void DumpByteArray(byte[] a, int n)
    {
        int cnt=0;
        foreach(byte b in a) {
            cnt++;
            Console.Write(b.ToString("X2"));
            if(cnt>=n)break;
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

kob58im
趣味でC#で色々試してます。 置いてるほとんどのC#サンプルコードは、Windows7以降デフォで入ってる環境でコンパイルできます。 最近はCodePen使ってJavaScriptも書いてます。
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