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@kanetai

Graphvizで図を描く

DOT言語でグラフを記述して、レンダリングできる。
グラフでなくても、ちょっとした図を描くときに便利。

digraph G {
    a -> b -> c;
    b -> d;
}

コマンド

インストール

macだったのでHomeBrewでインストールできた。

brew install graphviz

画像に変換

gccでC言語のソースをコンパイルするような感じ

#hoge.dotをhoge.pngに変換して開く
dot -Tpng hoge.dot -o hoge.png && open hoge.png 

DOT言語

とりあえず簡単な使い方だけメモ。;,をどこに入れるべきなのかよくわかってないが、適当に書いても案外コンパイルできる。

例:オートマトン

こういうのはレイアウトを気にせず簡単に書ける。むき出しで書いても良いが、引用符で囲んどいたほうが安全。

20151010160030.jpg

digraph G {
    rankdir=LR;
    empty [label = "" shape = plaintext];
    node [shape = doublecircle]; e1 e2;
    node [shape = circle];
    empty -> s0 [label = "開始"];
    s0 -> s1 [label = "1/a"];
    s0 -> e1 [label = "0"];
    s1 -> s2 [label = "2/b"];
    s1 -> s3 [label = "3/c"];
    s3 -> s2 [label = "2/d"];
    s3 -> e2 [label = "4"];
    s2 -> e1 [label = "0"];
    s2 -> s2 [label = "2"];
}

例:クラス図

頑張ればUMLも記述できるが、さすがにしんどい。

20151010160023.jpg

digraph G {
    label = "図1:クラス図"
    fontsize = 12

    node [fontname = "Bitstream Vera Sans", fontsize = 8, shape = "record"]
    edge [fontname = "Bitstream Vera Sans", fontsize = 8]

    Animal [ label = "{\{abstract\} Animal|+ name : string\l+ age : int\l|\l}"]

    subgraph cluster_Animal {
        label = "Package animal.impl"

        Dog [label = "{Dog||+ bark() : void\l}"]
        Cat [label = "{Cat||+ meow() : void\l}"]
    }

    edge [arrowhead = "empty"]
    Dog -> Animal
    Cat -> Animal

    edge [arrowhead = "none", headlabel = "0..*", taillabel = "0..*"]
    Dog -> Cat
}

例:2部グラフ

はじめに(サブ)グラフとノードの設定をする。
ノードのshapeをpointにするとラベル名が表示されないので、
サブグラフのshapeをplaintextにしてラベルを付け包んで点を表現してみた。
もっと簡単な書き方があるかも知れない。

20151010160026.jpg

digraph G {
    graph [style=rounded color=black shape=plaintext rankdir=LR];
    node [shape=point];

    subgraph cluster_source {
        subgraph cluster_p1 {
            label="p1" color=white shape=plaintext;
            p1
        }
        subgraph cluster_p2 {
            label="p2" color=white shape=plaintext;
            p2
        }
        subgraph cluster_p3 {
            label="p3" color=white shape=plaintext;
            p3
        }
    }

    subgraph cluster_sink {
        subgraph cluster_a {
            label="a" color=white shape=plaintext;
            a
        }
        subgraph cluster_b {
            label="b" color=white shape=plaintext;
            b
        }
        subgraph cluster_c {
            label="c" color=white shape=plaintext;
            c
        }
    }

    p1 -> a p1 -> c
    p2 -> b
    p3 -> c p3 -> a
}
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