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Linuxのバージョンの確認方法

More than 1 year has passed since last update.


カーネルのバージョン確認


/proc/version

cat /proc/version

Linux version 3.10.0-693.17.1.el7.x86_64 (builder@kbuilder.dev.centos.org) (gcc version 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-16) (GCC) ) #1 SMP Thu Jan 25 20:13:58 UTC 2018


uname

uname -a

Linux localhost.localdomain 3.10.0-693.17.1.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Thu Jan 25 20:13:58 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux


ディストリビューション別の確認方法


Amazon Linux


/etc/system-release

cat /etc/system-release

Amazon Linux AMI release 2017.09


/etc/os-release

cat /etc/os-release

NAME="Amazon Linux AMI"

VERSION="2017.09"
ID="amzn"
ID_LIKE="rhel fedora"
VERSION_ID="2017.09"
PRETTY_NAME="Amazon Linux AMI 2017.09"
ANSI_COLOR="0;33"
CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2017.09:ga"
HOME_URL="http://aws.amazon.com/amazon-linux-ami/"


Red Hat Enterprise Linux / CentOS


/etc/redhat-release

cat /etc/redhat-release

CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core)

/etc/system-release/etc/centos-release でも参照できる。


/etc/os-release

cat /etc/os-release

NAME="CentOS Linux"

VERSION="7 (Core)"
ID="centos"
ID_LIKE="rhel fedora"
VERSION_ID="7"
PRETTY_NAME="CentOS Linux 7 (Core)"
ANSI_COLOR="0;31"
CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:centos:centos:7"
HOME_URL="https://www.centos.org/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.centos.org/"

CENTOS_MANTISBT_PROJECT="CentOS-7"
CENTOS_MANTISBT_PROJECT_VERSION="7"
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT="centos"
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT_VERSION="7"


Fedora


/etc/redhat-release

cat /etc/redhat-release

Fedora release 27 (Twenty Seven)

/etc/system-release または /etc/fedora-release でも参照できる。


/etc/os-release

cat /etc/os-release

NAME=Fedora

VERSION="27 (Twenty Seven)"
ID=fedora
VERSION_ID=27
PRETTY_NAME="Fedora 27 (Twenty Seven)"
ANSI_COLOR="0;34"
CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:fedoraproject:fedora:27"
HOME_URL="https://fedoraproject.org/"
SUPPORT_URL="https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Communicating_and_getting_help"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/"
REDHAT_BUGZILLA_PRODUCT="Fedora"
REDHAT_BUGZILLA_PRODUCT_VERSION=27
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT="Fedora"
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT_VERSION=27
PRIVACY_POLICY_URL="https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Legal:PrivacyPolicy"


Debian


/etc/debian_version

cat /etc/debian_version

9.3


/etc/os-release

cat /etc/os-release

PRETTY_NAME="Debian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch)"

NAME="Debian GNU/Linux"
VERSION_ID="9"
VERSION="9 (stretch)"
ID=debian
HOME_URL="https://www.debian.org/"
SUPPORT_URL="https://www.debian.org/support"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.debian.org/"


Ubuntu


/etc/debian_version

cat /etc/debian_version

stretch/sid


/etc/lsb-release

cat /etc/lsb-release

DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu

DISTRIB_RELEASE=16.04
DISTRIB_CODENAME=xenial
DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS"


/etc/os-release

cat /etc/os-release

NAME="Ubuntu"

VERSION="16.04.4 LTS (Xenial Xerus)"
ID=ubuntu
ID_LIKE=debian
PRETTY_NAME="Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS"
VERSION_ID="16.04"
HOME_URL="http://www.ubuntu.com/"
SUPPORT_URL="http://help.ubuntu.com/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="http://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/"
VERSION_CODENAME=xenial
UBUNTU_CODENAME=xenial


SUSE Linux


/etc/SuSE-release

cat /etc/SuSE-release

openSUSE 42.3 (x86_64)

VERSION = 42.3
CODENAME = Malachite
# /etc/SuSE-release is deprecated and will be removed in the future, use /etc/os-release instead


/etc/os-release

cat /etc/os-release

NAME="openSUSE Leap"

VERSION="42.3"
ID=opensuse
ID_LIKE="suse"
VERSION_ID="42.3"
PRETTY_NAME="openSUSE Leap 42.3"
ANSI_COLOR="0;32"
CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:opensuse:leap:42.3"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.opensuse.org"
HOME_URL="https://www.opensuse.org/"