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【Python】datetime フォーマットコード一覧

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公式ドキュメント該当ページ (日本語)

https://docs.python.org/ja/3.8/library/datetime.html#strftime-and-strptime-behavior

datetimeで使われるフォーマットコード一覧(C standard 1989, 1999 version)

Directive Meaning Example Notes
%a Weekday as locale’s abbreviated name. Sun, Mon, …, Sat (en_US);
So, Mo, …, Sa (de_DE)
-1
%A Weekday as locale’s full name. Sunday, Monday, …, Saturday (en_US);
Sonntag, Montag, …, Samstag (de_DE)
-1
%w Weekday as a decimal number, where 0 is Sunday and 6 is Saturday. 0, 1, …, 6
%d Day of the month as a zero-padded decimal number. 01, 02, …, 31
%b Month as locale’s abbreviated name. Jan, Feb, …, Dec (en_US);
Jan, Feb, …, Dez (de_DE)
-1
%B Month as locale’s full name. January, February, …, December (en_US);
Januar, Februar, …, Dezember (de_DE)
-1
%m Month as a zero-padded decimal number. 01, 02, …, 12
%y Year without century as a zero-padded decimal number. 00, 01, …, 99
%Y Year with century as a decimal number. 0001, 0002, …, 2013, 2014, …, 9998, 9999 -2
%H Hour (24-hour clock) as a zero-padded decimal number. 00, 01, …, 23
%I Hour (12-hour clock) as a zero-padded decimal number. 01, 02, …, 12
%p Locale’s equivalent of either AM or PM. AM, PM (en_US);
am, pm (de_DE)
(1), (3)
%M Minute as a zero-padded decimal number. 00, 01, …, 59
%S Second as a zero-padded decimal number. 00, 01, …, 59 -4
%f Microsecond as a decimal number, zero-padded on the left. 000000, 000001, …, 999999 -5
%z UTC offset in the form ±HHMMSS[.ffffff]. (empty), +0000, -0400, +1030, +063415, -030712.345216 -6
%Z Time zone name (empty string if the object is naive). (empty), UTC, EST, CST
%j Day of the year as a zero-padded decimal number. 001, 002, …, 366
%U Week number of the year (Sunday as the first day of the week) as a zero padded decimal number. All days in a new year preceding the first Sunday are considered to be in week 0. 00, 01, …, 53 -7
%W Week number of the year (Monday as the first day of the week) as a decimal number. All days in a new year preceding the first Monday are considered to be in week 0. 00, 01, …, 53 -7
%c Locale’s appropriate date and time representation. Tue Aug 16 21:30:00 1988 (en_US);
Di 16 Aug 21:30:00 1988 (de_DE)
-1
%x Locale’s appropriate date representation. 08/16/88 (None);
08/16/1988 (en_US);
16.08.1988 (de_DE)
-1
%X Locale’s appropriate time representation. 21:30:00 (en_US);
21:30:00 (de_DE)
-1
%% A literal '%' character. %

datetimeで使われるフォーマットコード一覧(Python3.6から追加されたもの)

Directive Meaning Example Notes
%G ISO 8601 year with century representing the year that contains the greater part of the ISO week (%V). 0001, 0002, …, 2013, 2014, …, 9998, 9999 -8
%u ISO 8601 weekday as a decimal number where 1 is Monday. 1, 2, …, 7
%V ISO 8601 week as a decimal number with Monday as the first day of the week. Week 01 is the week containing Jan 4. 01, 02, …, 53 -8

Notes:

Because the format depends on the current locale, care should be taken when making assumptions about the output value. Field orderings will vary (for example, “month/day/year” versus “day/month/year”), and the output may contain Unicode characters encoded using the locale’s default encoding (for example, if the current locale is ja_JP, the default encoding could be any one of eucJP, SJIS, or utf-8; use locale.getlocale() to determine the current locale’s encoding).

The strptime() method can parse years in the full [1, 9999] range, but years < 1000 must be zero-filled to 4-digit width.

Changed in version 3.2: In previous versions, strftime() method was restricted to years >= 1900.

Changed in version 3.3: In version 3.2, strftime() method was restricted to years >= 1000.

When used with the strptime() method, the %p directive only affects the output hour field if the %I directive is used to parse the hour.

Unlike the time module, the datetime module does not support leap seconds.

When used with the strptime() method, the %f directive accepts from one to six digits and zero pads on the right. %f is an extension to the set of format characters in the C standard (but implemented separately in datetime objects, and therefore always available).

For a naive object, the %z and %Z format codes are replaced by empty strings.

For an aware object:

%z
utcoffset() is transformed into a string of the form ±HHMM[SS[.ffffff]], where HH is a 2-digit string giving the number of UTC offset hours, MM is a 2-digit string giving the number of UTC offset minutes, SS is a 2-digit string giving the number of UTC offset seconds and ffffff is a 6-digit string giving the number of UTC offset microseconds. The ffffff part is omitted when the offset is a whole number of seconds and both the ffffff and the SS part is omitted when the offset is a whole number of minutes. For example, if utcoffset() returns timedelta(hours=-3, minutes=-30), %z is replaced with the string '-0330'.

Changed in version 3.7: The UTC offset is not restricted to a whole number of minutes.

Changed in version 3.7: When the %z directive is provided to the strptime() method, the UTC offsets can have a colon as a separator between hours, minutes and seconds. For example, '+01:00:00' will be parsed as an offset of one hour. In addition, providing 'Z' is identical to '+00:00'.

%Z
If tzname() returns None, %Z is replaced by an empty string. Otherwise %Z is replaced by the returned value, which must be a string.

Changed in version 3.2: When the %z directive is provided to the strptime() method, an aware datetime object will be produced. The tzinfo of the result will be set to a timezone instance.

When used with the strptime() method, %U and %W are only used in calculations when the day of the week and the calendar year (%Y) are specified.

Similar to %U and %W, %V is only used in calculations when the day of the week and the ISO year (%G) are specified in a strptime() format string. Also note that %G and %Y are not interchangeable.

公式ドキュメント該当ページ (英語)

datetime — Basic date and time types — Python 3.7.2 documentation

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