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AWSにComposerを導入

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はじめに

AWSもしくはLinuxにcomposerを導入したい人向けの記事です。

composerとは?

PHPのライブラリを管理するツールです。
composer.jsonファイルでライブラリ名とバージョンを管理しておくことで、他の環境に同じライブラリの環境を導入することができるようになります。

コマンドも composer install を実行するだけなので手間が掛からないのが特徴です。

composerのダウンロード

インストールが完了すると現在のディレクトリに composer.phar がダウンロードされます。

$ curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
All settings correct for using Composer
Downloading...

Composer (version 1.6.5) successfully installed to: /home/xxxxx-user/composer.phar
Use it: php composer.phar
$ ls -ltr
-rwxr-xr-x 1 xxxxx-user xxxxx-user 1849094 Jun 29 08:12 composer.phar

PATHの設定

ダウンロードした後PATHに通さないと使うことができないので、その設定を行います。

$ mkdir ~/bin
$ mv composer.phar ~/bin/composer
$ which composer
~/bin/composer

composerのバージョン確認

composerのアスキーアートが表示されれば完成です!

$ composer
   ______
  / ____/___  ____ ___  ____  ____  ________  _____
 / /   / __ \/ __ `__ \/ __ \/ __ \/ ___/ _ \/ ___/
/ /___/ /_/ / / / / / / /_/ / /_/ (__  )  __/ /
\____/\____/_/ /_/ /_/ .___/\____/____/\___/_/
                    /_/
Composer version 1.6.5 2018-05-04 11:44:59

Usage:
  command [options] [arguments]

Options:
  -h, --help                     Display this help message
  -q, --quiet                    Do not output any message
  -V, --version                  Display this application version
      --ansi                     Force ANSI output
      --no-ansi                  Disable ANSI output
  -n, --no-interaction           Do not ask any interactive question
      --profile                  Display timing and memory usage information
      --no-plugins               Whether to disable plugins.
  -d, --working-dir=WORKING-DIR  If specified, use the given directory as working directory.
  -v|vv|vvv, --verbose           Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug

Available commands:
  about                Shows the short information about Composer.
  archive              Creates an archive of this composer package.
  browse               Opens the package's repository URL or homepage in your browser.
  check-platform-reqs  Check that platform requirements are satisfied.
  clear-cache          Clears composer's internal package cache.
  clearcache           Clears composer's internal package cache.
  config               Sets config options.
  create-project       Creates new project from a package into given directory.
  depends              Shows which packages cause the given package to be installed.
  diagnose             Diagnoses the system to identify common errors.
  dump-autoload        Dumps the autoloader.
  dumpautoload         Dumps the autoloader.
  exec                 Executes a vendored binary/script.
  global               Allows running commands in the global composer dir ($COMPOSER_HOME).
  help                 Displays help for a command
  home                 Opens the package's repository URL or homepage in your browser.
  info                 Shows information about packages.
  init                 Creates a basic composer.json file in current directory.
  install              Installs the project dependencies from the composer.lock file if present, or falls back on the composer.json.
  licenses             Shows information about licenses of dependencies.
  list                 Lists commands
  outdated             Shows a list of installed packages that have updates available, including their latest version.
  prohibits            Shows which packages prevent the given package from being installed.
  remove               Removes a package from the require or require-dev.
  require              Adds required packages to your composer.json and installs them.
  run-script           Runs the scripts defined in composer.json.
  search               Searches for packages.
  self-update          Updates composer.phar to the latest version.
  selfupdate           Updates composer.phar to the latest version.
  show                 Shows information about packages.
  status               Shows a list of locally modified packages, for packages installed from source.
  suggests             Shows package suggestions.
  update               Upgrades your dependencies to the latest version according to composer.json, and updates the composer.lock file.
  upgrade              Upgrades your dependencies to the latest version according to composer.json, and updates the composer.lock file.
  validate             Validates a composer.json and composer.lock.
  why                  Shows which packages cause the given package to be installed.
  why-not              Shows which packages prevent the given package from being installed.

最後に

PHPの勉強頑張ってください!!!

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