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[Python3] 重み付きでランダムに値を取り出す

More than 1 year has passed since last update.

Python 3.6 以降

random.choicesを使う

import random

target_dict = {"a": 3, "b": 4, "c": 2}
candidates = [*target_dict]
weights = [*target_dict.values()]

x = random.choices(candidates, weights=weights)[0]
print(x)

以前

bisectを使う

import random
import itertools
import bisect

target_dict = {"a": 3, "b": 4, "c": 2}
candidates = [*target_dict]
weights = [*target_dict.values()]

accumulation_weights = list(itertools.accumulate(weights))
x = candidates[bisect.bisect(accumulation_weights, random.random() * accumulation_weights[-1])]
print(x)
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