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Fortranのpure functionはModuleで定義されるグローバル変数を書き換えない。

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module mod
  integer :: glocalVar = 0


  pure function square(x)
    real, intent(in) :: x
    real :: square
    square = x * x
    glocalVar = 1 !<---ここで書き換え発生させる
  end function

end module

program main
  use mod
  real :: a, b ! square
  a = 2.0
  b = square(a)
  print*, a, b, glocalVar
end program main


glocalVar = 1
Error: Variable 'glocalvar' can not appear in a variable definition context (assignment) at (1) in PURE procedure


Fortranのpure functionはmodule内部のグローバル変数を書き換えない、安全な関数である。

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