MacにVagrantとVirtualBoxを入れてみる

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VagrantとVirtualBoxを入れてみたメモ。

環境

ホスト:MacOSX 10.10.5(14F27)
Vagrant 1.8.1
VirtualBox 5.0.20
ゲスト:CentOS 7.0 x64

vagrantのインストール

ver 1.8.1(2016/5/25時点の最新)
https://www.vagrantup.com/downloads.html

vagrant_1.8.1.dmgをDLしてインストール。後バージョン確認。

$ vagrant --version
Vagrant 1.8.1

VirtualBoxのインストール

VirtualBox 5.0.20(2016/5/25時点の最新)
https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads

VirtualBox-5.0.20-106931-OSX.dmgをDLしてインストール。

Boxの追加

http://www.vagrantbox.es/
から該当のBoxを取得できる。
今回は"CentOS 7.0 x64"にする。

  1. URLをコピー
  2. コマンド実行。 フォーマットは
vagrant box add {name} {url}

なので、とりあえずnameを"centos64"として

$ vagrant box add centos64 https://github.com/tommy-muehle/puppet-vagrant-boxes/releases/download/1.1.0/centos-7.0-x86_64.box
==> box: Box file was not detected as metadata. Adding it directly...
==> box: Adding box 'centos64' (v0) for provider: 
    box: Downloading: https://github.com/tommy-muehle/puppet-vagrant-boxes/releases/download/1.1.0/centos-7.0-x86_64.box
==> box: Successfully added box 'centos64' (v0) for 'virtualbox'!

しばらく待って完了。
boxの確認。

$ vagrant box list
centos64 (virtualbox, 0)

余談)・・・つけてからbox名を変えたくなったらboxのディレクトリでmvコマンドで変更できる。

$ cd ~/.vagrant.d/boxes/
$ mv {old} {new}

centosのverにしておけばよかったーとおもったので

$ cd ~/.vagrant.d/boxes/
$ mv centtos64 centos70

で変更完了。確認してみる。

$ vagrant box list
centos70 (virtualbox, 0)

VMの作成&起動

~/Vagrant/CentOS70を作業ディレクトリにしてみます。

$ mkdir -p ~/Vagrant/CentOS70
$ cd Vagrant/CentOS70/

で初期化コマンドを投げる。

$ vagrant init centos70
A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now
ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read
the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on
`vagrantup.com` for more information on using Vagrant.

でできあがり。

$ ls
Vagrantfile

Vagrantfile なるものができている。

起動!

$ vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Importing base box 'centos70'...
==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
==> default: Setting the name of the VM: CentOS70_default_1464159432389_76331
==> default: Clearing any previously set forwarded ports...
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
==> default: Forwarding ports...
    default: 22 (guest) => 2222 (host) (adapter 1)
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222
    default: SSH username: vagrant
    default: SSH auth method: private key
    default: Warning: Remote connection disconnect. Retrying...
    default: Warning: Remote connection disconnect. Retrying...
    default: 
    default: Vagrant insecure key detected. Vagrant will automatically replace
    default: this with a newly generated keypair for better security.
    default: 
    default: Inserting generated public key within guest...
    default: Removing insecure key from the guest if it's present...
    default: Key inserted! Disconnecting and reconnecting using new SSH key...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
    default: The guest additions on this VM do not match the installed version of
    default: VirtualBox! In most cases this is fine, but in rare cases it can
    default: prevent things such as shared folders from working properly. If you see
    default: shared folder errors, please make sure the guest additions within the
    default: virtual machine match the version of VirtualBox you have installed on
    default: your host and reload your VM.
    default: 
    default: Guest Additions Version: 4.3.28
    default: VirtualBox Version: 5.0
==> default: Mounting shared folders...
    default: /vagrant => /Users/xxxx/Vagrant/CentOS70

VirtualBoxを見るとCentOSが起動してくれてる。

状態確認!

$ vagrant status
Current machine states:

default                   running (virtualbox)

The VM is running. To stop this VM, you can run `vagrant halt` to
shut it down forcefully, or you can run `vagrant suspend` to simply
suspend the virtual machine. In either case, to restart it again,
simply run `vagrant up`.

停止!

$ vagrant halt
==> default: Attempting graceful shutdown of VM...

Vagrantへ接続

$ vagrant ssh

とりあえずここまで

参考)
http://easyramble.com/install-vagrant-virtualbox-on-mac.html
http://weblabo.oscasierra.net/install-vagrant-onto-macosx/
http://weblabo.oscasierra.net/macosx-vagrant-1/
http://nori3tsu.hatenablog.com/entry/2013/12/28/231257