CurlでRestAPIからneo4jを使う

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この記事は最終更新日から1年以上が経過しています。

neo4jを用いたアプリケーション作成の際,どんな値をとってくるのかなどちょっとしたテストのときにcurlコマンドで値を確認したくなったりしますよね

リファレンス

The Neo4j Manual v2.3.3

コマンド

Cypherクエリをpostして値を受け取りたい

コマンド
curl -v -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"query":"match (n:Issue) return n limit 2", "params":{}}'  http://localhost:7474/db/data/cypher
結果
{
  "columns" : [ "n" ],
  "data" : [ [ {
    "outgoing_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/relationships/out",
    "labels" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/labels",
    "data" : {
      "id" : 122452946,
      "html_url" : "https://github.com/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/42",
      "title" : "edit comment in Japanese to English",
      "repository_url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet",
      "updated_at" : "2015-12-16T09:25:44Z",
      "comments_url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/42/comments",
      "state" : "closed",
      "events_url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/42/events",
      "created_at" : "2015-12-16T08:33:12Z",
      "number" : 42,
      "labels_url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/42/labels{/name}",
      "user" : "shu920921",
      "url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/42"
    },
    "all_typed_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/relationships/all/{-list|&|types}",
    "traverse" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/traverse/{returnType}",
    "self" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762",
    "property" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/properties/{key}",
    "outgoing_typed_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/relationships/out/{-list|&|types}",
    "properties" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/properties",
    "incoming_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/relationships/in",
    "extensions" : {
    },
    "create_relationship" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/relationships",
    "paged_traverse" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/paged/traverse/{returnType}{?pageSize,leaseTime}",
    "all_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/relationships/all",
    "incoming_typed_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9762/relationships/in/{-list|&|types}",
    "metadata" : {
      "id" : 9762,
      "labels" : [ "Issue" ]
    }
  } ], [ {
    "outgoing_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/relationships/out",
    "labels" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/labels",
    "data" : {
      "id" : 122441691,
      "html_url" : "https://github.com/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/41",
      "title" : "Fix Login Page",
      "repository_url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet",
      "updated_at" : "2015-12-16T06:51:20Z",
      "comments_url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/41/comments",
      "state" : "open",
      "events_url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/41/events",
      "created_at" : "2015-12-16T06:51:20Z",
      "number" : 41,
      "labels_url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/41/labels{/name}",
      "user" : "shu920921",
      "url" : "https://api.github.com/repos/shu920921/AwareTweet/issues/41"
    },
    "all_typed_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/relationships/all/{-list|&|types}",
    "traverse" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/traverse/{returnType}",
    "self" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763",
    "property" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/properties/{key}",
    "outgoing_typed_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/relationships/out/{-list|&|types}",
    "properties" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/properties",
    "incoming_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/relationships/in",
    "extensions" : {
    },
    "create_relationship" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/relationships",
    "paged_traverse" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/paged/traverse/{returnType}{?pageSize,leaseTime}",
    "all_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/relationships/all",
    "incoming_typed_relationships" : "http://localhost:7474/db/data/node/9763/relationships/in/{-list|&|types}",
    "metadata" : {
      "id" : 9763,
      "labels" : [ "Issue" ]
    }
  } ] ]
}

基本的には

雛形
curl -v -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"query":"クエリ", "params":{}}'  http://localhost:7474/db/data/cypher

ですのですぐ使えると思います.
今回はreturnでノードを取得していますが,これはCypherクエリを投げているので,createやdeleteも行うことができます.

プログラムからneo4jを扱うためのライブラリは多数存在しますが,なんだかんだjson形式で受け取った方が自在に加工できるので楽なような気がしてます.