Mavericks でgem install pgしてNo pg_configになるとき

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この記事は最終更新日から1年以上が経過しています。

前提

MacOS 10.9.4にて

$ruby -v
ruby 2.0.0p451 (2014-02-24 revision 45167) [universal.x86_64-darwin13]
$gem --version
2.3.0

homebrewでポスグレをインストール

とりあえずhomebrewを使ってbrew install postgresqlでポスグレをインストールしておく。

brew install postgresql
==> Downloading https://downloads.sf.net/project/machomebrew/Bottles/postgresql-9.3.5.mavericks.bottle.tar.gz
Already downloaded: /Library/Caches/Homebrew/postgresql-9.3.5.mavericks.bottle.tar.gz
==> Pouring postgresql-9.3.5.mavericks.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
If builds of PostgreSQL 9 are failing and you have version 8.x installed,
you may need to remove the previous version first. See:
  https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew/issues/issue/2510

To migrate existing data from a previous major version (pre-9.3) of PostgreSQL, see:
  http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.3/static/upgrading.html

When installing the postgres gem, including ARCHFLAGS is recommended:
  ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64" gem install pg

To install gems without sudo, see the Homebrew wiki.

To have launchd start postgresql at login:
    ln -sfv /usr/local/opt/postgresql/*.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents
Then to load postgresql now:
    launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist
Or, if you don't want/need launchctl, you can just run:
    postgres -D /usr/local/var/postgres
==> Summary
?  /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.3.5: 2927 files, 38M

gem install pg でGemをインストール

gem install pgを試す。怒られた。

$sudo gem install pg
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
ERROR:  Error installing pg:
    ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

    /System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/bin/ruby extconf.rb
checking for pg_config... no
No pg_config... trying anyway. If building fails, please try again with
 --with-pg-config=/path/to/pg_config
checking for libpq-fe.h... no
Can't find the 'libpq-fe.h header
*** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of necessary
libraries and/or headers.  Check the mkmf.log file for more details.  You may
need configuration options.

Provided configuration options:
    --with-opt-dir
    --without-opt-dir
    --with-opt-include
    --without-opt-include=${opt-dir}/include
    --with-opt-lib
    --without-opt-lib=${opt-dir}/lib
    --with-make-prog
    --without-make-prog
    --srcdir=.
    --curdir
    --ruby=/System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/bin/ruby
    --with-pg
    --without-pg
    --with-pg-config
    --without-pg-config
    --with-pg_config
    --without-pg_config
    --with-pg-dir
    --without-pg-dir
    --with-pg-include
    --without-pg-include=${pg-dir}/include
    --with-pg-lib
    --without-pg-lib=${pg-dir}/

extconf failed, exit code 1

Gem files will remain installed in /Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/pg-0.17.1 for inspection.
Results logged to /Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/extensions/universal-darwin-13/2.0.0/pg-0.17.1/gem_make.out

pg_configがねえとか言われてる。pg_configってなんだよ。ポスグレの設定っぽいけど。っと思ったら下記にあった。

/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.3.5/bin/pg_config

上記の怒られ文に

If building fails, please try again with --with-pg-config=/path/to/pg_config

とあるので、下記で試す。

gem install pg --with-pg-config=/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.3.5/bin/pg_config

いけえぇぇー!!

sudo gem install pg --with-pg-config=/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.3.5/bin/pg_config
ERROR: While executing gem ... (OptionParser::InvalidOption)
invalid option: --with-pg-config=/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.3.5/bin/pg_config

なんでやねん。どう考えてもあってるだろ。
homebrewでポスグレをインストールしたときのメッセージに下記のようにあったので、ARCHFLAGを指定してgemのインストールを試みる。

When installing the postgres gem, including ARCHFLAGS is recommended:
ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64" gem install pg

sudo ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64" gem install pg
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
Successfully installed pg-0.17.1
invalid options: -f fivefish
(invalid options are ignored)
Parsing documentation for pg-0.17.1
Installing ri documentation for pg-0.17.1
Done installing documentation for pg after 3 seconds
1 gem installed

できた。なんのこっちゃ。

参考

http://qiita.com/youcune/items/5b783f7fde45d0fd4b35