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この記事はDrupal Advent Calendar 2015の14日目の記事です。




Drupal8@CentOS7の構築方法については、Drupal Advent Calendar 2015の4日目の記事として自分が投稿した記事「CentOS7に D8を入れてみた」




[root@cent7d8 ~]# curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php

[root@cent7d8 ~]# php composer.phar

[root@cent7d8 ~]# mkdir /root/.composer

[root@cent7d8 ~]# mv ./composer.phar .composer/


alias composer='php /root/.composer/composer.phar'

[root@cent7d8 ~]# source ~/.bash_profile

[root@cent7d8 ~]# composer help


[root@cent7d8 ~]# composer global require drush/drush:8.*

Changed current directory to /root/.composer
./composer.json has been created
Loading composer repositories with package information
Updating dependencies (including require-dev)
  - Installing pear/console_table (1.2.1)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing symfony/polyfill-mbstring (v1.0.0)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing symfony/var-dumper (v2.8.0)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing symfony/yaml (v2.7.7)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing jakub-onderka/php-console-color (0.1)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing jakub-onderka/php-console-highlighter (v0.3.2)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing dnoegel/php-xdg-base-dir (0.1)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing nikic/php-parser (v2.0.0)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing symfony/console (v3.0.0)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing psy/psysh (v0.6.1)
    Downloading: 100%

  - Installing drush/drush (8.0.1)
    Downloading: 100%

pear/console_table suggests installing pear/Console_Color2 (>=0.1.2)
symfony/var-dumper suggests installing ext-symfony_debug ()
symfony/console suggests installing symfony/event-dispatcher ()
symfony/console suggests installing symfony/process ()
symfony/console suggests installing psr/log (For using the console logger)
psy/psysh suggests installing ext-posix (If you have PCNTL, you'll want the POSIX extension as well.)
psy/psysh suggests installing ext-pdo-sqlite (The doc command requires SQLite to work.)
drush/drush suggests installing drush/config-extra (Provides configuration workflow commands, such as config-merge.)
Writing lock file
Generating autoload files




[root@cent7d8 ~]# source ~/.bash_profile


[root@cent7d8 ~]# drush --version
 Drush Version   :  8.0.1



[root@cent7d8 ~]# drush
Execute a drush command. Run `drush help [command]` to view command-specific help.  Run `drush topic` to read even more documentation.

Global options (see `drush topic core-global-options` for the full list):
 -d, --debug                               Display even more information, including internal messages.
 -h, --help                                This help system.
 -n, --no                                  Assume 'no' as answer to all prompts.
 -r <path>, --root=<path>                  Drupal root directory to use (default: current directory).
 -s, --simulate                            Simulate all relevant actions (don't actually change the system).
 -l <http://example.com:8888>,             URI of the drupal site to use (only needed in multisite environments or when running on an alternate
 --uri=<http://example.com:8888>           port).
 -v, --verbose                             Display extra information about the command.
 -y, --yes                                 Assume 'yes' as answer to all prompts.

Core Drush commands: (core)
 archive-dump (ard,    Backup your code, files, and database into a single file.
 archive-backup, arb)
 archive-restore       Expand a site archive into a Drupal web site.
 browse                Display a link to a given path or open link in a browser.
 core-cli (php)        Open an interactive shell on a Drupal site.
 core-config (conf,    Edit drushrc, site alias, and Drupal settings.php files.
 core-cron (cron)      Run all cron hooks in all active modules for specified site.
 core-execute (exec,   Execute a shell command. Usually used with a site alias.
 core-init (init)      Enrich the bash startup file with completion and aliases. Copy .drushrc file to ~/.drush
 core-quick-drupal     Download, install, serve and login to Drupal with minimal configuration and dependencies.
 (qd, cutie)
 core-requirements     Provides information about things that may be wrong in your Drupal installation, if any.
 (status-report, rq)
 core-rsync (rsync)    Rsync the Drupal tree to/from another server using ssh.
 core-status (status,  Provides a birds-eye view of the current Drupal installation, if any.
 core-topic (topic)    Read detailed documentation on a given topic.
 drupal-directory      Return the filesystem path for modules/themes and other key folders.
 entity-updates        Apply pending entity schema updates.
 help                  Print this help message. See `drush help help` for more options.
 image-derive (id)     Create an image derivative.
 image-flush (if)      Flush all derived images for a given style.
 php-eval (eval, ev)   Evaluate arbitrary php code after bootstrapping Drupal (if available).
 php-script (scr)      Run php script(s).
 queue-list            Returns a list of all defined queues
 queue-run             Run a specific queue by name
 shell-alias (sha)     Print all known shell alias records.
 site-alias (sa)       Print site alias records for all known site aliases and local sites.
 site-install (si)     Install Drupal along with modules/themes/configuration using the specified install profile.
 site-set (use)        Set a site alias to work on that will persist for the current session.
 site-ssh (ssh)        Connect to a Drupal site's server via SSH for an interactive session or to run a shell command
 twig-compile (twigc)  Compile all Twig template(s).
 updatedb (updb)       Apply any database updates required (as with running update.php).
 updatedb-status       List any pending database updates.
 variable-delete       Delete a variable.
 variable-get (vget)   Get a list of some or all site variables and values.
 variable-set (vset)   Set a variable.
 version               Show drush version.
Cache commands: (cache)
 cache-clear (cc)      Clear a specific cache, or all drupal caches.
 cache-get (cg)        Fetch a cached object and display it.
 cache-rebuild (cr,    Rebuild a Drupal 8 site and clear all its caches.
 cache-set (cs)        Cache an object expressed in JSON or var_export() format.
Config commands: (config)
 config-edit (cedit)   Open a config file in a text editor. Edits are imported into active configration after closing editor.
 config-export (cex)   Export configuration to a directory.
 config-get (cget)     Display a config value, or a whole configuration object.
 config-import (cim)   Import config from a config directory.
 config-list (cli)     List config names by prefix.
 config-pull (cpull)   Export and transfer config from one environment to another.
 config-set (cset)     Set config value directly.
Field commands: (field)
 field-clone           Clone a field and all its instances.
 field-create          Create fields and instances. Returns urls for field editing.
 field-delete          Delete a field and its instances.
 field-info            View information about fields, field_types, and widgets.
 field-update          Return URL for field editing web page.
Make commands: (make)
 make                  Turns a makefile into a working Drupal codebase.
 make-convert          Convert a legacy makefile into YAML format.
 make-generate         Generate a makefile from the current Drupal site.
 make-lock             Process a makefile and outputs an equivalent makefile with projects version *resolved*. Respects pinned versions.
 make-update           Process a makefile and outputs an equivalent makefile with projects version resolved to latest available.
Project manager commands: (pm)
 pm-disable (dis)      Disable one or more extensions (modules or themes).
 pm-download (dl)      Download projects from drupal.org or other sources.
 pm-enable (en)        Enable one or more extensions (modules or themes).
 pm-info (pmi)         Show detailed info for one or more extensions (modules or themes).
 pm-list (pml)         Show a list of available extensions (modules and themes).
 pm-projectinfo        Show a report of available projects and their extensions.
 pm-refresh (rf)       Refresh update status information.
 pm-releasenotes       Print release notes for given projects.
 pm-releases (rl)      Print release information for given projects.
 pm-uninstall (pmu)    Uninstall one or more modules.
 pm-update (up)        Update Drupal core and contrib projects and apply any pending database updates (Same as pm-updatecode + updatedb).
 pm-updatecode (upc)   Update Drupal core and contrib projects to latest recommended releases.
 pm-updatestatus       Show a report of available minor updates to Drupal core and contrib projects.
Role commands: (role)
 role-add-perm (rap)   Grant specified permission(s) to a role.
 role-create (rcrt)    Create a new role.
 role-delete (rdel)    Delete a role.
 role-list (rls)       Display a list of all roles defined on the system.  If a role name is provided as an argument, then all of the permissions of
                       that role will be listed.  If a permission name is provided as an option, then all of the roles that have been granted that
                       permission will be listed.
 role-remove-perm      Remove specified permission(s) from a role.
Runserver commands: (runserver)
 runserver (rs)        Runs PHP's built-in http server for development.
SQL commands: (sql)
 sql-cli (sqlc)        Open a SQL command-line interface using Drupal's credentials.
 sql-connect           A string for connecting to the DB.
 sql-create            Create a database.
 sql-drop              Drop all tables in a given database.
 sql-dump              Exports the Drupal DB as SQL using mysqldump or equivalent.
 sql-query (sqlq)      Execute a query against a database.
 sql-sanitize          Run sanitization operations on the current database.
 sql-sync              Copies the database contents from a source site to a target site. Transfers the database dump via rsync.
Search commands: (search)
 search-index          Index the remaining search items without wiping the index.
 search-reindex        Force the search index to be rebuilt.
 search-status         Show how many items remain to be indexed out of the total.
State commands: (state)
 state-delete (sdel)   Delete a state value.
 state-get (sget)      Display a state value.
 state-set (sset)      Set a state value.
User commands: (user)
 user-add-role (urol)  Add a role to the specified user accounts.
 user-block (ublk)     Block the specified user(s).
 user-cancel (ucan)    Cancel a user account with the specified name.
 user-create (ucrt)    Create a user account with the specified name.
 user-information      Print information about the specified user(s).
 user-login (uli)      Display a one time login link for the given user account (defaults to uid 1).
 user-password (upwd)  (Re)Set the password for the user account with the specified name.
 user-remove-role      Remove a role from the specified user accounts.
 user-unblock (uublk)  Unblock the specified user(s).
Watchdog commands: (watchdog)
 watchdog-delete      Delete watchdog messages.
 (wd-del, wd-delete)
 watchdog-list        Show available message types and severity levels. A prompt will ask for a choice to show watchdog messages.
 watchdog-show        Show watchdog messages.
 (wd-show, ws)




cd {drupalのルートパス}
drush cc all

[root@cent7d8 ~]# chmod +x /root/cache-clear.sh




[root@cent7d8 ~]# crontab -e

* */6 * * *  sh /root/cache-clear.sh >/dev/null 2>&1




- core のアップデート
drush pm-update

- バックアップ
drush archive-dump

- メンテナンスモード
drush vset maintenance_mode 1 --yes

- メンテナンスモード解除
drush vset maintenance_mode 0 --yes




これにて私の「Drupal Advent Calendar 2015」の12月14日分の投稿を終了します。


この投稿は Drupal Advent Calendar 201514日目の記事です。