[Linux][tree] treeでファイルのパーミッション/オーナー/グループを表示する

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    ファイルツリーのなかで、どこからどのようなパーミッションの設定になっているか確認したかったのでやり方をメモ

    確認方法

    treeコマンドの -pug オプションを使用すれば良いです。
    ls -lR などでも一応再帰的に見れますが、treeコマンドのほうが見やすいです。

    実行例

    treeでパーミッション/オーナー/グループの表示
    $ tree -pug test/
    test/
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file1
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file10
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file2
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file3
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file4
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file5
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file6
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file7
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file8
    ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file9
    └── [drwxrwxr-x ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  test2
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file20
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file21
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file22
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file23
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file24
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file25
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file26
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file27
        ├── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file28
        └── [-rw-rw-r-- ubuntu   ubuntu  ]  file29
    
    1 directory, 20 files
    

    Appendix

    treeのその他のオプション
    ubuntu@ubuntu-xenial:~$ tree --version
    tree v1.7.0 (c) 1996 - 2014 by Steve Baker, Thomas Moore, Francesc Rocher, Florian Sesser, Kyosuke Tokoro
    ubuntu@ubuntu-xenial:~$ tree --help
    usage: tree [-acdfghilnpqrstuvxACDFJQNSUX] [-H baseHREF] [-T title ]
            [-L level [-R]] [-P pattern] [-I pattern] [-o filename] [--version]
            [--help] [--inodes] [--device] [--noreport] [--nolinks] [--dirsfirst]
            [--charset charset] [--filelimit[=]#] [--si] [--timefmt[=]<f>]
            [--sort[=]<name>] [--matchdirs] [--ignore-case] [--] [<directory list>]
      ------- Listing options -------
      -a            All files are listed.
      -d            List directories only.
      -l            Follow symbolic links like directories.
      -f            Print the full path prefix for each file.
      -x            Stay on current filesystem only.
      -L level      Descend only level directories deep.
      -R            Rerun tree when max dir level reached.
      -P pattern    List only those files that match the pattern given.
      -I pattern    Do not list files that match the given pattern.
      --ignore-case Ignore case when pattern matching.
      --matchdirs   Include directory names in -P pattern matching.
      --noreport    Turn off file/directory count at end of tree listing.
      --charset X   Use charset X for terminal/HTML and indentation line output.
      --filelimit # Do not descend dirs with more than # files in them.
      --timefmt <f> Print and format time according to the format <f>.
      -o filename   Output to file instead of stdout.
      -------- File options ---------
      -q            Print non-printable characters as '?'.
      -N            Print non-printable characters as is.
      -Q            Quote filenames with double quotes.
      -p            Print the protections for each file.
      -u            Displays file owner or UID number.
      -g            Displays file group owner or GID number.
      -s            Print the size in bytes of each file.
      -h            Print the size in a more human readable way.
      --si          Like -h, but use in SI units (powers of 1000).
      -D            Print the date of last modification or (-c) status change.
      -F            Appends '/', '=', '*', '@', '|' or '>' as per ls -F.
      --inodes      Print inode number of each file.
      --device      Print device ID number to which each file belongs.
      ------- Sorting options -------
      -v            Sort files alphanumerically by version.
      -t            Sort files by last modification time.
      -c            Sort files by last status change time.
      -U            Leave files unsorted.
      -r            Reverse the order of the sort.
      --dirsfirst   List directories before files (-U disables).
      --sort X      Select sort: name,version,size,mtime,ctime.
      ------- Graphics options ------
      -i            Don't print indentation lines.
      -A            Print ANSI lines graphic indentation lines.
      -S            Print with CP437 (console) graphics indentation lines.
      -n            Turn colorization off always (-C overrides).
      -C            Turn colorization on always.
      ------- XML/HTML/JSON options -------
      -X            Prints out an XML representation of the tree.
      -J            Prints out an JSON representation of the tree.
      -H baseHREF   Prints out HTML format with baseHREF as top directory.
      -T string     Replace the default HTML title and H1 header with string.
      --nolinks     Turn off hyperlinks in HTML output.
      ---- Miscellaneous options ----
      --version     Print version and exit.
      --help        Print usage and this help message and exit.
      --            Options processing terminator.
    
    • -s でサイズ表示、-h or --si で単位を表示
    • -v でバージョンに対応したソート

    参考

    Linuxでディレクトリ構成・所有者・パーミッションなどを確認する - ablog